Does anyone know how to explain me de differences between phrasal transitive and intransitive verbs?
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Hello, Lupa Emotion: smile

The difference between transitive and intransitive verbs is that transitive verbs take objects (direct and/or indirect), whereas intransitive verbs will not accept them.

This difference applies also to phrasal verbs (multi-word verbs that consist of a verb plus an adverbial particle).

1. Transitive phrasal verbs:
- They take an pbject.
- The particle may precede or follow the direct object:
"They turned on the lights" or "They turned the lights on"

- However, when the object is a pronoun, the particle cannot precede it:
"They turned them on" is correct. (them = the lights)
"They turned on them" is incorrect.

2. Intransitive phrasal verbs:
- They do not take an object.
- The adverbial particle cannot be separated from the verb:
"Get up at once!"
"The plane took off."

This is a very brief explanation, but I hope it helps.


transitive verbs can take an object but intransitive can not.


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Dear teachers,

How would you analyse this sentence, please?

"He frightened the dog away": Would you considered it as
a) He = Subject; frightened = verb; the dog = direct object; away = adverbial?
b) a) He = Subject; frightened away = verb; the dog = direct object?

THANK YOU Emotion: smile
It's the second one.
frightened away the dog; frightened the dog away; frightened it away

Note, however, that there is no contradiction with the idea that "frightened away" (a phrasal verb) consists of "frightened" (a verb) and "away" (an adverb or a particle or an adverbial particle*).

*depending which grammar book you read.

And what about this?

He kicked the door open.
a) He = subject; kicked = verb; the garden gate = direct object; open = adverbial of manner? OR
b) He = subject; kicked open = verb; the garden gate = direct object?

Have nice weekend,

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I would analyze kicked, the door, and open as verb, direct object, and direct object complement (adjectival), respectively.

kick the door so that the door is open / an open door

Good morning Jim,

Some may say that since the meaning of "frighten" doesn't change when we add the adverb "away" so "frighten away" is not a true phrasal verb and the sentence above should be analysed as (a), i.e.,

He = subject; frighten = verb; the dog = direct object; away = adverbial of place.

What would you answer to that?

My second sentence should be therefore:

He = subject; kicked = verb; the door = direct object; open = object complement ?

Have a nice weekend Emotion: smile
Can anyone tell me if the following verb (fail) is transitive or intransitive in this sentence?

"I've failed all my exams."

(I think it's intransitive!)

Thanking you in advance
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