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Hello guys
I am doing some tasks about phrase types and need some help to check weather my answers are correct or not .
thanks in advance
1 .
along the beach

2 .
happy to be out of London




3 .
very much enjoyed long walks




4 .a collection of seaweed and shells




5 .her grandmother's house at Bideford in Devor




6 .set out



7 .stay there forever



8 .the high cliffs overlooking the sea

here are my answers
1- preposition phrase
2-adjective phrase
3-adverb phrase
4-noun phrase
5-noun phrase
6-verb phrase
7-verb phrase
8-adjective or noun phrase ( not sure )
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3. is a verb phrase. (the verb "enjoyed" is the head word)
8. is a noun phrase (the noun "cliffs" is the head word)

The others are correct.

BillJ
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Thanks for correction Emotion: smile
just one more question is there any specific way to recognize headword in type phrase ??
Sara Fzjust one more question is there any specific way to recognize headword in type phrase ??
The head word is the most important word in the phrase; it's the 'nucleus'. All the other words in the phrase (called dependents) add some meaning to it. So look for the central word that may have other words such as modifiers, complements and determiners clustered around it.

For example, the single word "dog" is a noun phrase. If we add the determiner "the" we get the larger noun phrase "the dog". If we then add the modifying words "big" and "ugly" we get the even larger noun phrase "the big ugly dog". Those extra words are dependents; they add some meaning about the "dog". We could also add the preposition phrase "in the yard", so we get the still larger phrase "the big ugly dog in the yard". In each case, the noun "dog" is the head word, hence noun phrase.

In you third example (very much enjoyed long walks), the adverbs "very" and "much" modify "enjoyed"; and "long walks" is the complement (object) of "enjoyed". They are dependents - their existence in the phrase is entirely dependent on the word "enjoyed". Without it the other words are redundant, so it's clear that "enjoyed" must be the head. Since "enjoyed" is a verb, it follows that the entire phrase must be a verb phrase.

BillJ
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Thanks Bill that was an awesome clarification ,now i exactly got the concept Emotion: smile
Funny thing is , this questions is from a course I'm also taking and apparently 2 of your answers are wrong ! Not sure which ones yet. But I imagine it is debatable anyway.
Hello Bill..
I am working on the same text, and am also stuck on phrase types. Would u please explain what type of phrase the underlined bit is and why?
Mary wished she could stay there forever.

Thank you in anticipation of your answer.
Rosie
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Anonymousapparently 2 of your answers are wrong ! Not sure which ones yet.
Please let us know when you find out because as far as I can see, Bill's answers are correct. There is seldom any debate about these matters.

Note, however, that you gave only isolated phrases in your original post. More recently, in another post, you showed how "stay there forever" was used in the context of a full sentence. That could make a difference in the answer. You may have to show the complete sentences for all of your examples to get the full story.

CJ
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