Now look at the following outline lesson plan. Identify the most appropriate interaction pattern for each stage. Choose from:

i) T→ SS

ii) T↔SS

iii) S↔S

iv) S↔S

↕ ↕


v) S

The aim of the lesson is to give practice in reading skills. The text is an authentic magazine article about a holiday that had some problems.

Stage/Stage aim




Lead in

To get students thinking about the topic

The teacher shows students pictures of his own holiday and asks pairs to talk to each other about a holiday or trip they have been on at some time

5 mins


There is then feedback to the class

5 mins


Pre-teach lexis

To avoid vocabulary distractions in the text

The teacher tells the SS they are going to read about a holiday and elicits and drills five words essential to the understanding of the text, then provides a board record

10 mins


Reading for gist

To familiarise students with the text generally



The teacher sticks cards on the board




The students read the article quickly to see which topics were a problem on the holiday and which were fine.

3 mins


Feedback to the class

2 mins


Reading for detail

To encourage detailed comprehension

Students answer 10 detailed comprehension questions based on the article

10 mins


Students check answers with a partner

5 mins


Feedback to the class

10 mins


Follow on

To enable Ss to interact with the ideas in the text and to have speaking practice

Students decide what mistakes the man made, what mistakes the travel company made and what should have happened instead

15 mins


Am I right ?

1a iii

b i

3c i
4d v

e i

6f iv
7g iii

h i

9i iv

Some people think that in order to prevent illness and disease. Government should make efforts in reducing environment pollution and housing problems. Agree or disagree?

It is argued that government should have some methods in reducing quality environment and housing problems to protect the health of everybody. In my opinion, I completely agree with this point of view for the following reasons.

Firstly, it is important that solving environment problems such as air pollution is a good way to prevent illness. Some people may argue that some environment protecting activities are expensive compared with the budget of government and do not have effective immediately. Nevertheless, they are ignorant of the fact that air quality is play an important role in people’s life and contributes to preventing some diseases. For example, government encourage local people using public transport instead of driving cars and motorbikes which released emission into the atmosphere so people could enjoy fresh air and avoid many dangerous diseases like lung cancer.

Secondly, it is equally important to recognize that government effort in reducing housing problems such as offering the accommodations. Some opponents would argue that the population is crowded and difficult to control quality housing which leads to epidemic. This argument could be true some extent. However, they should take into account the fact that proving accommodations is a good way to help poor people have a better life. A clear illustration of this is that government built houses for poor people who have to live in slum and under aqueduct. therefore, people could improve their life and avoid many diseases like malaria.

In conclusion, for the reasons I have mentioned above, I strong believe that government should efforts in reducing environment pollution and housing problems.