Part 1: Summary (15 points)

Read the following extract and use your own words to summarize it. Your summary should be between 100 and 120 words long:

Approximately one in two thousand people in Viet Nam has a significant hearing loss. Students who have been deafened in early childhood can be very different to students who have lost hearing later in life in terms of educational disadvantage. For example, their range of vocabulary may be limited, which in turn may affect their level of English literacy. Deaf and hard of hearing students can sometimes prefer visual learning strategies. This be a challenge in an environment where much essential information is delivered exclusively by word of mouth. Students with a hearing loss may need to use assistive technology to participate in class. This assistive technology can be the laptop where software such as Skype can be used to deliver interpreters or captioning. For some it will be in the form of listening devices. For others, it will be a combination of technology that includes both listening devices and computer based software. The impact of hearing loss can cause delays in receiving learning material. Students who need information transcribed from tape must sometimes wait for a significant period of time for this to happen. This needs to be considered in terms of developing suitable timelines for the completion of work for each student. Students with hearing loss may appear isolated in the learning environment. The possibility for social contact and interaction with other students is often limited, and this isolation or separateness may have an impact on learning. Participation and interaction in tutorials may be limited. Students who cannot hear the flow and nuances of rapid verbal exchange will be at a disadvantage.


My summary:

People with hearing loss constitute a large proportion of Vietnamese population. Students who have been deaf since early childhood can be distinguished from those losing auditory perception later in life regarding educational disadvantage. Students with hearing difficulties favour visual learning strategies, which is challenging in an environment dominated by word-of-mouth-mediated communication. Assistive technology, be listening devices or an amalgam of computer-based software and hearing aids may be needed by deaf students. Hearing loss can delay the process of receiving learning material, requiring suitable timelines for each students. Students losing hearing perception may suffer from isolation in the learning environment, which poses grave ramifications for the acquisition of knowledge. Also, students unable to follow fast verbal exchange will be in an unfavorable situation.

1 2

People with hearing loss constitute [ 1] a large proportion of Vietnamese In Vietnam, 0.5% of the population have a major hearing impairment. Students who have been deaf since early childhood can be distinguished from those losing auditory perception later in life regarding face a greater educational challenge. disadvantage. Many students with hearing difficulties favour visual learning strategies, which is challenging in an environment dominated by word-of-mouth-mediated oral communication. Assistive technology, be it listening devices or [ 2] an amalgam a mix of computer-based software and hearing aids may be needed by deaf students. Educators must take into account that delivering content to deaf students takes more time due to the need to record or transcribe it. Hearing loss can delay the process of receiving learning material, requiring suitable timelines for each students. Those students losing hearing perception may suffer from isolation in the learning environment, which poses grave ramifications challenges for their learning outcomes. acquisition of knowledge. Also, students unable the inability to follow fast verbal exchange is a handicap for them. will be in an unfavorable situation.

-------------------------------------------------------

[ 1]: A large proportion would be MUCH higher than 0.5%.

[ 2]: “amalgam” is typically used for chemical/industrial substances.

People with hearing loss constitute a large proportion (It is actually one twentieth of one percent. Is that large? Is this statement important enough for a synopsis?) of the Vietnamese population. Students who have been deaf since early childhood can be distinguished from those losing auditory perception later in life (This implies adulthood. That is incorrect.) regarding educational disadvantage. Students with hearing difficulties sometimes favour visual learning strategies, which is challenging in an environment dominated by word-of-mouth-mediated communication. Assistive technology, be listening devices or a combination an amalgam of computer-based software and hearing aids may be needed by deaf students. Hearing loss can delay the process of receiving learning material, requiring suitable timelines for each students. (Wrong form) Students losing hearing perception may suffer from isolation in the learning environment, which poses grave ramifications (too strong) for the acquisition of knowledge. Also, students unable to follow fast verbal exchanges will be in an unfavorable situation.


Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.
teechr[ 1]: A large proportion would be MUCH higher than 0.5%.

Actually one in two thousand is 0.05%.

A half a percent is one in 200 because one percent is one in 100.

Suggested summary (110 words)

Vietnamese students who have suffered a hearing loss have learning disabilities that need special attention. The schools have teachers who present lessons by speaking, and this might not be adequate for these special needs pupils. Visual presentation styles and devices which can compensate for their handicap will help, especially when they need to interact with other students in class. Devices, including hearing aids and laptops with special software that transcribes what is being said, have been employed. These students require more time to complete their classwork, so instructors must make accommodations. They may also be socially isolated due to their impediment, which may have a negative impact on learning.

I have read an article about 'deep paraphrasing' which is really riveting, and your suggested summaries are a quintessence of this technique.

I only know to paraphrase sentences based on their structure, so my summaries are sometimes quite similar to original texts, and they are rather long. I think I should work on 'deep paraphrasing' so that my summaries will be better.

Teachers: We supply a list of EFL job vacancies
teechr[ 2]: “amalgam” is typically used for chemical/industrial substances.

I often use this word to describe a combination of feelings as in this sentence: Would-be parents may have an amalgam of joy and terror when waiting for the birth of their babies.

Is 'amalgam' appropriate in my sentence?

AlpheccaStarsActually one in two thousand is 0.05%.

That is correct. I missed a zero.

Nhật BìnhI only know to paraphrase sentences based on their structure

It wouldn't be a bad idea to practise paraphrasing individual sentences.

Site Hint: Check out our list of pronunciation videos.
Show more