The graph shows the consumption of energy in the USA since 1980 with projection to 2030 in a 2008 report.

From the beginning, petrol and oil was in the first place with 35 quadrillion units, rose to 40 quadrillion units in 2005. From 2005 to 2020, petrol and oil increase steadily and project to reach to nearly 50 quadrillion units at the end of the period.

Coal and natural gas shared the similar trend. Coal begin with 15 quadrillion units while naturalgas is higher 5 quadrillion units. From 1985 to 1990, they are equal. After 50-year-period, coal has risen to nearly 30 quadrillion units, higher than natural gas 5 quadrillion units.

At the lowest part of the graph are nuclear, solar/ wind, and hydropower with only 4 quadrillion units. In 2010, hydropower failed a little while others have a slight increase. In 2030, hydropower fallen back to 1980 figure, moreover, nuclear, solar/ wind project to rise to about 10 quadrillion units.

Overall, USA will continue to rely on fusil fuels with sustainable, while the others remain relatively insignificant

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Please read my advice for Task 1 essays:

IELTS TASK 1: Hints, Tips And Advice

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The graph (what kind of graph?) shows the consumption of energy (that is not what is on the graph. Be specific. What is measured? How many categories are there? What are the categories. You did not read my advice. Your essay lacks coherence and cohesion. ) in the USA since 1980 with projection to 2030 in a 2008 report.

(You need a paragraph here with the "main features." Read my advice.)

From the beginning, petrol and oil was in the first place with 35 quadrillion units, rose to 40 quadrillion units in 2005. (ungrammatical sentence. Missing conjunction) From 2005 to 2020, petrol and oil increase (wrong tense. You cannot use the same tense for both past and future data. You need past tense for past data, and future tense for projected or forecast data.) steadily and project to reach to nearly 50 quadrillion units in 2030. at the end of the period. (Do not start a new paragraph.)

Coal and natural gas shared the similar trend. Coal begin with 15 quadrillion units while naturalgas is higher, 5 quadrillion units. From 1985 to 1990, they are equal. After 50-year-period, coal has risen (You cannot use present perfect for future events.) to nearly 30 quadrillion units, higher than natural gas 5 quadrillion units.

At the lowest part of the graph (not good.) are nuclear, solar/ wind, and hydropower with only 4 quadrillion units. In 2010, hydropower failed (wrong word, wrong tense) ) a little while others have (wrong tense) a slight increase. In 2030, hydropower fallen back (wrong tense.) to 1980 figure, (wrong word, read my advice. Also comma spice error- ungrammatical sentence.) moreover, nuclear, solar/ wind are projected to rise to about 10 quadrillion units.

Overall, USA will continue to rely on fusil fuels with sustainable, while the others remain relatively insignificant (Do not write any conclusions in Task 1. Read my advice.)


If you would like a sample essay, you may ask for one.

Thank you very much for your advice. I really need a sample. I know that my writing is still so bad.

The first thing to do on the graphs that cover past and future is to determine what years are "past" and what years are "future." You need to use past tense verbs for the past years and present or future tense for the "future" years.

In this topic, it is clear: any data points after 2008 are "future" and all the others are past. Why is that? Because the research project that made this line graph published it in 2008! So all data from 2008-2030 were predictions.

The next thing you have to do is to avoid repeating "Quadrillion units." There is a trick for that, and it is to give it an abbreviation in the opening paragraph: Qu.

Then, you have to decide how you are going to group the six categories (fuel types) for comparisons. It is quite natural to group them into two categories: fossil fuels and renewable energy sources.

Paragraph 1: Describe the line graph - the six curves, the time frame and the units.

Paragraph 2: Give 2-3 main features: the dominance of fossil fuels, and the growth in demand.

Paragraph 3: Make comparisons between the categories from the beginning to the end of the time period shown.

It is more important in the limited word count that you have in Task 1, to focus on the "big picture", not the minutia.



The line graph shows the amounts of six types of fuel that were consumed in the US to produce energy from 1980 to 2008, with a forecast to 2030. They are petrol and oil, coal, natural gas, nuclear, solar/wind, and hydropower. The units are Quadrillion units (Qu).

Overall, the fossil fuels (oil, coal and natural gas) were the dominant sources of energy and they are forecast to remain so. Energy from the renewables was minimal, and forecasts show only a slight increase. Total usage is expected to grow.

In 1980, the US used 83 Qu of energy from all sources, and that is projected to grow to 120 Qu in 2030. The highest proportion was for oil, 35 Qu of 83 Qu in 1980, and that will be only slightly less, 50 of 120 Qu in 2030. When the other two fossil fuels fuels are added in, it comes to 85% of the total, with the three renewable sources supplying about 15%. Although the amounts of nuclear and solar/wind are expected go up by 2-3 Qu from 2008, they still will represent a very small proportion of the total.

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Thank you very much for all your explanation and your sample. I really appreciate that.