The graph and the table below show the average monthly temperatures and the average number of hours of sunshine per year in three major cities. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

The chart and the table depict the changes of average temperatures, and the total hours of daylight in three metropolitan cities, London, New York and Sydney annually.

Overall, regarding the line graph, in Sydney, temperatures had a gradual downward trend in the first half of the year while New York and London experienced upward values. By contrast, whilst Sydney went through an increase in temperatures, London and New York had a reverse trend for the rest of the year.

In detail, for the table, the average sum of sunshine's hours in New York was ranked first (2,535 hrs), followed by Sydney and London, at 2,473 and 1,180 respectively.

Regarding the line chart, there was a wild fluctuation in Sydney’s temperatures, it began with the biggest temperature (25 degrees) compared with other two cities, hit bottom of 15 in July, and finally went through a significant increase to the same value in the final month. In Lon Don and New York, conversely, initiated as the second and third place, at 8 and 5 degrees respectively. Moreover, the temperatures of the two cities fluctuated throughout the year, their values climbed, reached two peaks of 30 and 23 in July, and eventually had dramatic decreases to the same beginning values in December.

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The chart (wrong name.) and the table depict (not a good word choice) the changes of average temperatures, (incorrect. Please write exactly what is plotted. There are two items in the infographic. They are different formats and contain different information. Write a separate sentence for each one.) and the total hours of daylight (wrong word) in three metropolitan cities, London, New York and Sydney annually.

Overall, regarding the line graph, (Read my advice. You didn't, did you?) in Sydney, temperatures had a gradual downward trend in the first half of the year while New York and London experienced (Read my advice. You didn't, did you?) upward values. By contrast, whilst Sydney went through an increase in temperatures, London and New York had a reverse trend for the rest of the year. (London and New York are in the northern hemisphere, and Sydney is in the southern hemisphere. The average monthly temperature curves of northern cities are negatively correlated with southern ones.)

In detail, for the table, the average sum of sunshine's hours (wrong expression. Sunshine does not have any hours.) in New York was ranked first (2,535 hrs), followed by Sydney and London, at 2,473 and 1,180 respectively.

Regarding the line chart, there was a wild fluctuation (wrong word. This is not fluctuation at all, and certainly, it is not "wild". Read my advice.) in Sydney’s temperatures, it began with the biggest highest temperature (25 degrees) compared with other two cities, hit bottom of 15 in July, and finally went through a significant increase to the same value in the final month. In Lon Don and New York, conversely, initiated as the second and third place, (that makes no sense.) at 8 and 5 degrees respectively. Moreover, the temperatures of the two cities fluctuated (wrong word. This is not fluctuation at all. Read my advice. You didn't, did you?) throughout the year, their values climbed, reached two peaks of 30 and 23 in July, and eventually had dramatic decreases to the same beginning values in December.

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Actually, I did look at your advice, but some of them I found a bit perplexing. I am trying to comprehend these mathematical contents. For those reasons, often I made those silly mistakes related to word use and expressions.

And I also hope to have your sample to learn and improve more my writing. Thank you!

Nhựt Quangbut some of them I found a bit perplexing

You may ask about anything you find perplexing. I have reasons for my advice.
I have an extensive background in science.

Most IELTS advisors have no science/math background. They studied language arts, journalism, or education.

The line graph plots the average monthly temperatures, in degrees Centigrade, for three cities, London, New York and Sydney. The table lists the total hours of sunshine per year for these same cities.

Overall, the temperature curves for London and New York are positively correlated, although New York has a greater range of extremes. And both are negatively correlated with Sydney's. Sydney has the smallest difference between the minimum and maximum monthly averages, and New York has the greatest.

In detail, London and New York have their highest temperatures in July, with London being 7 °C cooler at around 22 °C. The lowest readings are in December and January, but New York is 5 °C colder, with a value of 5 °C. All three cities have similar temperature values in late spring and early fall, a comfortable 18-22° C. London gets the least amount of sunshine (1180 hours), half that of New York, 2525. Sydney gets slightly less sunshine than New York, 2473 hours. But its highest temperature, 26 °C, comes in December and its lowest, 15 °C, in July.

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Vocabulary:

Correlation:

Two curves are positively correlated if they tend to move in the same direction. That is, when one goes up, the other goes up. And when one goes down, the other goes down.

Example: Curve A and Curve B are positively correlated.

Two curves are negatively correlated if they tend to move in opposite directions. That is, when one goes up, the other goes down. And when one goes down, the other goes up.

Example: Curve A and Curve B are negatively correlated.

Two curves are uncorrelated if there is no pattern at all.

If you just write "correlated", positive correlation is assumed.


Note that correlation does not imply causation. The correlation can be by accident. There are some famous examples, such as the number of letters in the winning word in an annual spelling contest and the number of people who died each year after being bitten by a poisonous spider.

These curves are positively correlated, but there is no underlying cause!

I sincerely appreciate your advice as well as devotion to us all as English learners. Thank you so much!

Nhựt Quang

I sincerely appreciate your advice as well as devotion to us all as English learners. Thank you so much!

I wish you success on your exams! The more you practice, the better you get.

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