The table below gives information on consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

The table shows proportions of expenditure on three categories of products and services namely food/drinks/tobacco, clothing/footwear, and leisure/education in five countries, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and Turkey in 2002.

Overall, the total percentages of money spent on food,drinks and tobacco were largest in all those nations, followed by clothing/footwear as the second place and leisure/education as the third one.

In detail, in terms of food,drinks and tobacco, their percentages were highest (32.14%) in Turkey, which mostly doubled that in Sweden, at 15.77%. Amounts of expenditure on clothing and footwear were noticeably lower than those of food,drinks, and tobacco with the highest value of 9% in Italy, and there was an average proportion of almost 6.53% in three countries, Ireland (6.43%), Spain (6.51%) and Turkey (6.63%) respectively. Moreover, leisure/education were seen the least in the given table with all the readings below 5%, ranging from the highest recorded in Turkey (4.35%), the second highest in Sweden (3.22%) to the lowest in Spain, at only 1,98%.

The table lists the proportions of consumer / household expenditures on three categories of products and services, namely food/drinks/tobacco, clothing/footwear, and leisure/education in five countries, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and Turkey in 2002.

Overall, the total (You have not summed any numbers.) percentages of money spent on food,drinks and tobacco were largest in all those nations, followed by clothing/footwear as the second place (Unnecessary. One is always followed by two, isn't it?) and then / finally leisure/education as the third one.

In detail, in terms of food,drinks and tobacco, their percentages were highest (32.14%) in Turkey, which mostly doubled (Incorrect usage. The verb "double" is wrong here. Mostly makes no sense. ) that in Sweden, at 15.77%. Amounts of expenditure on Percentages for clothing and footwear were noticeably lower than those of food,drinks, and tobacco with the highest value of being 9% in Italy, and there was an average proportion of almost 6.53% in three of the countries, Ireland (6.43%), Spain (6.51%) and Turkey (6.63%) respectively. Moreover, leisure/education were the lowest seen the least in the given table with all of them the readings below 5%, ranging in order from the highest recorded in Turkey (4.35%), the second highest in to Sweden (3.22%) and to to the lowest in Spain, at only 1,98%.


AlpheccaStarsIncorrect usage. The verb "double" is wrong here.

The words double, triple, quadruple (and more) have two forms, the verb and the adjective.
You have to use them correctly.

1. The verbs are used to write about increases over time.

- going up by a factor of 2 - double, doubled, doubling
- going up by a factor of 3 - triple, tripled, tripling
- going up by a factor of four - quadruple, quadrupled, quadrupling

Examples:

The population of the world tripled between 1900 and 2000.
The percentage of working women in England doubled over the last decade.


2. The adjectives are used to write about differences between two categories (generally at the same time.)

Use the verb phrases "is double" or "was double" or "will be double" for present, past and future. Synonyms are twice, two times

The amount spent by the Japanese was double that of the Americans in 1999.
The Japanese spent twice as much as the Americans in 1999.
The number of smartphones sold was triple the number of game consoles.

3. Synonyms and equivalent sentences. If you have two different dates (years) you can use either the verb form or the adjective form.

  • The population of the world will be double the present value by 2100.
  • The population of the world will be twice the present value by 2100.
  • The population of the world will be two times the present value by 2100.
  • (verb) The population of the world will double between 2021 and 2100.
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Useful words for this essay:
Nationalities:

Turks - people of Turkey (Turkish people)
the Irish - people of Ireland
Spaniards - people of Spain (also the Spanish)
Swedes - people of Sweden
Italians - people of Italy


outlier - a data value that is significantly different than the others. It stands out.

range (verb, also a noun): the span of the extreme values for one measure.

fraction - a division used to make a descriptive comparison between two values.
e.g. A = 100 and B = 18. B is a small fraction of A.

threefold (adjective) = a factor of three greater


Essay for study purposes. This essay is too long, but gives some examples of vocabulary words.

My essay outline:

Paragraph 1: Describe the table and the column headings.
Paragraph 2: Write 2 or 3 main observations. (highest and lowest category, by average amounts, compare Turkey with Sweden.
Paragraph 3: Write some interesting details. (Include specific numbers from the table.)

Note that in paragraph 2, I added the total percentages for two countries, Turkey and Sweden. They were the highest and lowest. Also, I compared the categories by the average expenditures.


The table compares the percentages of total spending that people in five different countries allocated to three budget categories (food/drink/tobacco, clothing/footwear and leisure/education) in the year 2002. The countries listed are Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden and Turkey.

Overall, the totals for these three categories was less that half the household budget in all countries. Highest allocations were to "food, drink and tobacco," and lowest for "leisure and education" without exception.

In detail, Turkish people spent about 43% in total, with "food, drink and tobacco" having the highest outlay, 32.14%. Ireland was nearly as high, 28.91%, compared to the category average of 22%. Swedes had the least, 15.77%. In fact, they had the lowest combined total of about 24%. Spending on the other two categories was a comparatively small fraction of the total. Leisure / education was consistently under 5%, with Turkey having the highest value at 4.35%. And it was slightly lower than clothing and footwear, which ranged from 5.40 to 6.63% with the exception of Italy, an outlier at 9%.

Your advice was very helpful. Thank you so much teacher!

May I ask you a question? Some of your previous advice had the word: "readings", I did look it up but I could not find the appropriate meaning so can you help me explain what it is and when I can use it in my writing? Thank you.

Nhựt QuangSome of your previous advice had the word: "readings"

A reading is a number or value that is taken from an electricity, water or gas meter, thermometer, altimeter, or any other device or instrument that measures something and shows the value on a dial or display. We read the number from the display. The result is a reading. The plural is readings. Many homes have meters that record the amounts of water, gas or electricity that has been used. Meter readers are people that visit the house once a month and record the values on the meters. That determines how much you pay for the service.
However, these days readings are done electronically (using smart meters) rather than manually.


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