Hi teachers,

This is a conversation that Julia and Cliff had. It is in reported speech because someone else is telling about the conversation to another peson. My question is, shouldn't it has connectors between sentences like, 'then, after, next, later on ... etc'. Because like this, it looks so simple. By the way, all the (that) in the sentences are optional aren't they?


Julia told Cliff (that) she couldn’t go with him to the movies that

evening. Cliff said (that) it was a pity that she hadn’t told him

before, because he already had the tickets. He said (that) he had

bought them half an hour before. Julia said (that) she was very

sorry, but (that) there was nothing she could do about it. She had

just received a phone call from her mother. Her mother had had an

accident at home and the ambulance had taken her to hospital.

Julia didn’t know exactly what had happened but she

was going to see her in hospital right away. Cliff said (that) that

was terrible news and he hoped (that) it was nothing serious.

Cliff said (that) he would come with Julia if she wanted him to.

Julia said no and thanked Cliff. She said (that) she would phone him

as soon as she knew what was happening and if not,

she would talk to him the next day.


Thanks in advance
The reported dialog is correct without the "that's" in parentheses. Putting all those "that's" in, that are in parentheses, wouldn't make it grammatically incorrect, but the reported dialog sounds better without all those "that's" - if you put in all those "that's", that would just too many "that's", and the dialog would sound awkward and cluttered. The way it is is fine.

Cliff said (that) he would come with Julia if she wanted him to.

Julia said no and thanked Cliff. She said (that) she would phone him

as soon as she knew what was happening and if not,

she would talk to him the next day.


Hi,

Julia said no is not reported speech.

You need to say eg Julia said she didn't (want to).

Clive
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Hi Clive,

Thank you for your reply.
CliveJulia said no is not reported speech.
Why it isn't reported Speech?

Now that you mention it; it sounds awkward to say it with a 'that', I mean:

Julia said that no and thanked Cliff.

But it sounds fine to say:

Julia said that she didn't (want to) and thanked Cliff.

Why is that? Is it beause we always need, at least, after said, 'a subject and a verb'?

TS
Hi,

It's because 'no' is a kind of interjection used only in direct speech.

(It's also an adjective. eg 'I have no money', but that is not the usage here.)

After 'said', you need a noun or a noun clause.

ie you say something.

Clive
Hi Clive,

Thank you for your reply. I didn't know that.

So, In all these sentences 'no' is an adjective?

There is no wine in the glass.

There are no apples in the fruit bowl.

There is no bread in that bag.

There are no forks on the table.

So, 'no, any, some, a lot of, lots of, a little, a few. little, and few' are all adjectives as well as quantity expressions?

TS
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Hi,

So, In all these sentences 'no' is an adjective?

There is no wine in the glass.

There are no apples in the fruit bowl.

There is no bread in that bag.

There are no forks on the table.

So, 'no, any, some, a lot of, lots of, a little, a few. little, and few' are all adjectives as well as quantity expressions?

Much depends on the grammar terms that you choose to use. Such words are often called 'determiners'.

eg look at this list. http://www.testmagic.com/knowledge_base/lists/grammar/determiners.htm

My dictionary doesn't use the terms 'quantity expression' or 'determiner'. That's why I called 'no' an adjective.

Clive
Hi Clive,

Ok. Thank you for your reply.

I've also find the word 'quantifiers' for them.

Point taken. Emotion: smile

Best regards.

TS