The chart shows the number of shops that closed and the number of new shops opening in a country from 2011 to 2018.


The line graph presents how many retail stores were opened and shut down annually from 2011 to 2018.

Overall, the number of store shutdowns exceeded that of launches in six out of the eight years. Additionally, both of the numbers were lower in 2018 than in 2011, with many fluctuations in between.

Starting with a sharp decline, about just over 50%, from 8500 in 2011 to 4000 in 2012, the number of shops that began doing business went up by one thousand per year for the next two years. This was followed by a reversion to the 2012 value. The number then remained relatively the same through 2017 before decreasing to 3000.

In terms of shop closings, after a slight reduction from about 6500 in 2011 to just under 6000 in 2012, the number of stores that went out of business rose to its maximum of 7100 in 2013. This number started to fall and hit the bottom at 6000 in 2015. The next year witnessed a marked rebound to 5100 shops closed. In the last two years, a period of a relative plateau was recorded, leveling off at around 5000.

The line graph presents plots / shows how many retail stores were opened and shut down annually from 2011 to 2018.

Overall, the number of store closings shutdowns exceeded that of launches in six out of the eight years. Additionally, both of the numbers were lower in 2018 than in 2011, with many fluctuations ups and downs (wrong word. There are no patterns of fluctuation on this graph.) in between.


Please read my advice showing what "fluctuation" is:

Vocabulary Words For Task 1: Reference Post


Starting with a sharp decline, about just over 50%, from 8500 in 2011 to 4000 in 2012, the number of shops that began doing business went up by one thousand per year for the next two years. This was followed by a reversion to the 2012 value. The number then remained relatively the same through 2017 before decreasing to 3000.

In terms of shop closings, after a slight reduction from about 6500 in 2011 to just under 6000 in 2012, the number of stores that went out of business rose to its maximum of 7100 in 2013. This number started to fall and hit the bottom at 6000 in 2015. In the next year witnessed (wrong word. Years and numbers cannot witness. Only humans do this. ) there was a marked rebound to 5100 shops closed. In the last two years, a period of a relative plateau was recorded, leveling off at around 5000.


Note:

Task 1 is supposed to be written for a university lecturer in science, engineering or math. Anthropomorphic verbs (verbs that express human actions - see, witness, experience) are not used in academic scientific contexts. They are used in journalism, novels, history or other liberal arts subjects as figurative language for literary effects.


e.g These numbers can see things and witness things. They can be used in first grade to teach little children about numbers. But a university math professor would not be pleased!

Sample essay:

The graph plots the numbers of shop openings (new shops) and closures in one particular nation each year from 2011 through 2018.

Overall, during this eight-year period, there were only two years when there were more new shops added than established ones that went out of business. One of those years had the lowest number of closures. The other had the largest number of openings.

In 2011, there were 2100 additional stores in the country; even though 6400 went out of business, 8500 were created. That year was not only notable in having the most new shops, it was one of the two with a net increase. There was a gain of 3200 in 2015; however both numbers were at or near their lowest values. Only 800 were closed, lowest on the record, and 4000 were opened. In the other six years, there were more closures than openings, the largest losses coming in 2013 and 2018, with a net decreases of slightly over 2000. Over the entire period, about 38,500 new stores appeared but 41,600 closed, for a total net loss of around 3000 stores.


Comments:

To get a good score on this essay, you have to point out the differences between the two curves. That is called the "net change".

If you just focus on each curve separately and copy numbers from the graph to your essay, your score will be limited.

Do not write about every detail. It is supposed to be a summary.

For vocabulary, learn the names of the elements of a (line) graph. Here is an illustration:

Also learn what "fluctuation" means. In the graph below you can see seasonal fluctuations in mean sea level in both hemispheres. When added together to get the global sea level changes (the black curve), the fluctuations still are visible, but much less pronounced since the north and south hemisphere measurements tend to cancel each other out.

Fluctuations occur relative to a trend line. Very few IELTS graphs show fluctuations. I have seen maybe one in the past.

Site Hint: Check out our list of pronunciation videos.

Thank you in a million. I really appreciate your help.

Your essay is very clear and easy to understand, while mine is long and hard to follow. I will try to imitate your style in my next essay. Thank you very much.