Topic: The charts below show the changes in ownership of electrical appliances and amount of time spent doing housework in households in one country between 1920 and 2019. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.


My essay:

The first line chart compares ownership of various electrical appliances of families in a country, while the second one shows the corresponding amount of time spent on doing chores every week, over a century, from 1920 to 2019.

Overall, it can be seen that there was an upward trend in the number of households owning electrical appliances. Refrigerator was the least used in 1920, as those who had their own fridge only accounted for under 5 percent. After that, the figure saw a significant increase during the next 50 years, reached 100 percent in 1980 and remained stable until the end of the period in question. The shares of families with vacuum cleaner and washing machine stood at 30 and 40 percent, respectively, in 1920; and while the former went up steadily and peaked at 100 percent until the end of the period, the latter experienced some fluctuations and finally stood at over 70 percent in 2019.

The increasing ownership of such electrical appliances agrees with the overall reduction in numbers of hours of housework. Families in 2019 only had to spend around 10 hours a week, which was five times smaller than that in 1920.

The first line chart compares ownership (the ownership) of various electrical appliances of families in a country, while the second one shows the corresponding amount of time spent on doing chores every week, over a century, from 1920 to 2019.

Overall, it can be seen that there was an upward trend in the number of households owning electrical appliances. Refrigerator The refrigerator was the least used in 1920, as those who had their own fridge only accounted for under 5 percent. After that, the figure saw a significant increase during the next 50 years, reached 100 percent in 1980 and remained stable until the end of the period in question. The shares of families with vacuum the vacuum cleaner and washing machine stood at 30 and 40 percent, respectively, in from 1920; and while the former went up steadily and peaked (It shouldn't be used "peak" because the figures remain after that, not reduce)at 100 percent until the end of the period 2019 (because you used "the end of the period before), the latter experienced some fluctuations and finally stood at over 70 percent in 2019.

The increasing ownership of such electrical appliances agrees with the overall reduction in numbers the number of hours of housework. Families in 2019 only had to spend around 10 hours a week, which was five times smaller than that in 1920.


My suggestion: I don't see the trend or the comparison in the 3rd paragraph. The examiners always want to see the comparison, so you might re-write this paragraph. My idea: "After began at 50 hours in 1920, the number of hours spent on doing housework declined sharply to 20 hours in 1960. Subsequently, its figure continued to fall slightly to 15 hours before levelling off until 2000. There was a small decrease to 10 hours in 2019."

My suggestion: I don't see the trend or the any comparisons in the 3rd paragraph. The examiners always want to see these comparison, so you might re-write this paragraph. My idea: "After began at 50 hours (ungrammatical) in 1920, the number of hours spent on doing housework declined sharply to 20 hours in 1960. Subsequently, it figure continued to fall slightly to 15 hours before levelling off until 2000. There was a small decrease to 10 hours in 2019."

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Sample Essay (It is too long but gives you some model sentences.)

The first line graph plots the percentage of homes which have purchased a labor-saving household appliance in a particular country between 1920 and 2019. Three appliances are in the graph: refrigerator, vacuum cleaner and washing machine. The second line graph plots the average amount of time spent weekly on common chores (cooking, cleaning and laundry) per household during the same period.

Overall, more and more families acquired these appliances, especially vacuum cleaners and refrigerators, and there is a very strong negative correlation between the percentage of homes with a refrigerator and the number of hours devoted to household chores.

In detail, owning a refrigerator started from nearly none in 1920, but one was present in every home by 1980. About three in ten homes had a vacuum cleaner in 1920, and this also increased to every home by 2000. Washing machines started out with the highest ownership of the three, 40%, in 1920, but did not reach the 100% level as the other two did. Its maximum value was about three-quarters of the homes in 2019. As more and more households acquired these appliances, less and less time was spent on chores. The number of hours per week dropped by 80%, from 50 to 10 hours per week.