The charts below show the percentage of people working in different sectors in town A and town B in 1960, 2010.


The pie charts compare the proportion of people working in three sectors (manuafacturing, sales and services) in town A and B in two different years (1960 and 2010).

Overal, in town A the period from 1960 to 2010 saw the greatest increase in the ratio of workers in the services sector, which overtook the other sectors as the primary employment of the town. However, the number of people working in manuafacturing sector had the highest proportion in town B.

In town A, around 41% of the people was employed in manuafacturing sector in 1960, while the figures for sales and services were slightly lower, about 30% and 29% respectively. However, in 2010 services surpassed sales and manuafacturing to reach the highest proportion of employees, whereas there was a gradual decline in the numbers of people working in sales and manuafacturing, around 16% and 20% respectively.

Turning to in town B, from 1960 to 2010, although there was a slight decrease in manuafacturing from around 70% to about 53%, this sector also took up the vast majority of workers. By contrast, services and sales was a growth in the percentage of people working by 15% and 2% respectively.



1 2

The pie charts compare the proportions of people working in three sectors [ 1] (manufacturing, sales and services) in towns A and B in two different years (1960 and 2010).

Overall in town A, the period from 1960 to 2010 saw the greatest increase in the ratio of workers in the services sector, which overtook the other sectors as the [ 2] primary employment of the town. However, despite a modest fall, the number of people working in [ 3] the manufacturing sector had represented the highest proportion in town B in both years.

In town A, around 41% of the people was were employed in [ 3] manufacturing sector in 1960, while the figures for sales and services were slightly lower, about 30% and 29% respectively. However, in 2010, services surpassed sales and manufacturing to reach become the highest, proportion of employees, whereas there was a gradual [ 4] small decline in the numbers of people working in sales and manufacturing, to around 16% and 20% respectively.

Turning to in town B, from 1960 to 2010, although there was a slight decrease in the percentage for manufacturing between 1960 and 2010, from around 70% to about 53%, this sector was still the largest employer at the end of that period. also took up the vast majority of workers. By contrast, services and sales was saw a growth in the percentage of people working in them by 15% and 2% respectively.

-----------------------------------------------------

[ 1]: Pay attention to your spelling.

[ 2]: Say “the primary employer in the/that town” or “the primary source of employment in the/that town”.

[ 3]: Say “in manufacturing” or “in the manufacturing sector”.

[ 4]: We use “gradual” if we have data for many years/points in time. Here, we only have data from two years.

Lê Thị Thanh Trúc increase in the ratio of workers in the services sector,

Ratio is incorrect. A ratio compares the relative numbers of two quantities: For example the ratio of manufacturing to service workers in Town B in 1960 was 7:1, and approximately 2:1 in 2010.

A ratio is expressed with a colon.

Lê Thị Thanh Trúcthe number of people working in manuafacturing sector

Number is incorrect.

Number of people would be expressed as 23,876 or 1,934. There are no numbers on these charts, only percentages.

Lê Thị Thanh Trúcthe numbers of people working in sales and manuafacturing,
Teachers: We supply a list of EFL job vacancies

Can I use " the figure" in this situation?

thank you

Can you show me some tips in writing task 2??

Site Hint: Check out our list of pronunciation videos.
AlpheccaStarsRatio is incorrect. A ratio compares the relative numbers of two quantities: For example the ratio of manufacturing to service workers in Town B in 1960 was 7:1, and approximately 2:1 in 2010.

I disagree. Although "proportion" or "percentage" may be more natural, it is not incorrect to use "ratio" to refer to a percentage. After all percent = per cent = /100.

AlpheccaStarsNumber is incorrect.Number of people would be expressed as 23,876 or 1,934. There are no numbers on these charts, only percentages.

I disagree. In the above example, one can easily and naturally infer that if the percentage increased of people, so would the number and vice versa. In this example, it is not incorrect to use "number".

teechr it is not incorrect to use "ratio" to refer to a percentage.

The correct mathematical terminology should be used. There are three sectors on the charts. A ratio would be a comparison between two of the three. Look at the definition:

https://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/american/ratio_1

Ratios are very commonly used in mechanical designs.


Figure is mostly used incorrectly in these essays. It has very specialized uses in English, in particular, business performance reporting. It takes a skilled writer to use the word appropriately, so I discourage its use. It is not an accurate synonym for percentage, proportion, or even number.

teechr In this example, it is not incorrect to use "number".

It is incorrect, because a percentage converted to numbers requires a population. The populations of these towns are not given, and who knows if these towns grew substantially, or declined in numbers. You can use number only within one single pie chart, which has the same total basis for all three sectors. However, I would just use percentage, which is what is shown. Sometimes pie charts do have numbers annotated along with the percentages. But they are not given in this exercise.


The Task 1 exercise is supposed to represent college (or entering university) level writing. The definitions of percentages, ratios, numbers and reading charts and graphs should be mastered in secondary school.

Students often are under the misguided instruction to use as many synonyms as possible. In Task 2, synonym usage can be a good thing. Skillful use of near synonyms shows "lexical resource". But in Task 1, mathematical terms are very exact and precise. True synonyms are practically non-existent. Lexical resource has to be demonstrated in other ways, such as the use of pronouns and varying the phrasing of the sentences in the report.

That being said, many examiners have liberal arts backgrounds, and so they have either forgotten, or they overlook, the precise definitions characteristic of math and science vocabularies. I have a science and engineering background and my advice is for a student who has aspirations in either liberal arts or the sciences, including engineering. It is not just for preparation for this exam; it is to give them background information in advance of their higher education.

Lê Thị Thanh Trúc

Can you show me some tips in writing task 2??

Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?
Show more