The line graph compares the quantity of commodities shipped by four various methods of transport from 1974 to 2002.

Overall, the amount of cargo delivered by road vehicles was by far the highest during the research period. By contrast, the figure for goods transported by pipeline was the lowest within this period.

In 1974, the quantity of products through road delivery was highest, at nearly 70 million tons, while the figure for pipeline shipment was lowest, only around 5 million tons. At the same time, the figures for waterborne and train freight were approximately equal, at roughly 40 million tons.

In 2002, the amount of goods carried by road increased slightly to around 100 million tons and remained the highest figure in the graph. Similarly, the figures for goods transported by the pipeline and maritime shipment experienced a slow rise to just over 20 million tons and more than 60 million tons, respectively. By contrast, the quantity of train transport goods remained unchanged, at approximately 40 million tons.

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The line graph compares the quantity of commodities (wrong word) shipped by four various methods of transport from 1974 to 2002. (What are these methods?)

Overall, the amount of cargo delivered by road vehicles was by far the highest during the research (the task does not mention any research.) period. By contrast, the figure (wrong word) for goods transported by pipeline was the lowest within this period. (Repetitive)

In 1974, the quantity (wrong word) of products through road delivery was highest, at nearly 70 million tons, while the figure f(wrong word) or pipeline shipment was lowest, only around 5 million tons. At the same time, the figures (wrong word) for waterborne (wrong word) and train freight were approximately equal, at roughly 40 million tons.

In 2002, the amount of goods carried by road increased slightly to around 100 million tons and remained the highest figure (wrong word) in the graph. Similarly, the figures (wrong word) for goods transported by the pipeline and maritime shipment experienced a (wrong word. Cargo does not have experiences.) slow rise to just over 20 million tons and more than 60 million (250 is more than 60 and so is 87. Be specific) tons, respectively. By contrast, the quantity of train transport goods remained unchanged, at approximately 40 million tons.


It is best not to use synonyms in Task 1. No two synonyms mean exactly the same thing. Task 1 is about mathematical precision, accuracy and clarity. Careless use of synonyms can completely destroy the quality of the essay.

For example, waterborne is used for disease vectors. Cholera and dysentery are waterborne diseases.

Please read my advice for Task 1 essays:

IELTS TASK 1: Hints, Tips And Advice

Vocabulary Words For Task 1: Reference Post


AlpheccaStarsSimilarly, the figures (wrong word) for goods transported by the pipeline and maritime shipment experienced a (wrong word. Cargo does not have experiences.)

What I actually mean here is that the data or to be specific, the amount of goods experienced an increase or decrease... So could you let me know whether that makes sense or sounds natural from a viewpoint of a native speaker like you?

AlpheccaStarsIt is best not to use synonyms in Task 1. No two synonyms mean exactly the same thing. Task 1 is about mathematical precision, accuracy and clarity. Careless use of synonyms can completely destroy the quality of the essay.

So in this case, unless I make sure that those synonyms could be used interchangeably in my piece of writing task 1, I should paraphrase or repeat it rather than use those synonyms and get marked down. Is it what you mean to let me know?

Plus, thank you for your valuable feedback.

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Amounts do not have experiences. They do not witness or see things.

These anthropomorphic verbs are often used in speeches, newspaper reports, or novels because they generate human reactions and raise the emotions of the reader.

On the other hand, these verbs are totally unsuitable for math/science contexts, which have to convey the idea of being impartial, unemotional, factual and analytical.


The numbers below can see, experience and witness, but are they good for a university engineering professor?


tk2004I make sure that those synonyms could be used interchangeably

It is best not to use synonyms or paraphrasing for Task 1.

It avoids the issue of confusion altogether. There are very few completely interchangeable words in English. Use pronouns effectively to avoid repetition. Use a variety of sentence structures and phrasing.

In the first paragraph, I sometimes define my own abbreviations, especially for units of measure, to avoid long repeated phrases.

Sample essay:

Note that I define the abbreviation "million tonnes" as Mt in the first line. That avoids the tedious repetition of the units of measure. Using abbreviations is exceedingly commonplace in scientific writing.

There are synonyms for the verb transport: convey and move.
Categories are combined onto totals so that relative amounts (percentages) can be used instead of absolute numbers.
I often compare the totals at the start and end of a time span.

When you first practice writing combinations like this, it will take some time. But after you do a bunch of them your speed will go up, because you have fixed a plan of attack in your brain.


The line graph plots the amount of goods (by weight, in millions of tonnes (Mt) ) conveyed within the UK between 1974 and 2002 by four modes of transport: road, water, rail and pipeline.

Overall, the largest volume of goods was transported on roads. Water was in second place after 1978, followed by rail and pipeline. The total weight increased substantially for all modes, except for rail which had no change.

In detail, in 1974, a total of 155 Mt was transported, 45% (70 Mt) by road. Water and rail had equal shares, about 25% each, and pipeline carried the remaining 5%. Roads continued to dominate, but rail and water diverged around 1978, when the amounts moved by water went up and those by rail dropped. Pipeline transport had a very broad peak (about 25 Mt) between 1982 and 1990, which then fell to end at about 20 Mt in 2002. In 2002, there was a total of 202 Mt, about 40% more than in 1974. About the same percentage (43% or 95 Mt) was by road; water was second, at around 30% (65 Mt), followed by rail (18% or 40 Mt). Pipeline accounted for the remaining 20 Mt.

Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?
AlpheccaStarsPipeline transport had a very broad peak (about 25 Mt) between 1982 and 1990, which then fell to end at about 20 Mt in 2002.

I think you made a minor mistake here. It should be "...a very broad peak (about 17 Mt)..., between 1982 and 1990, which then rose to end at about 20 Mt in 2002". Am I right?

AlpheccaStarsPipeline accounted for the remaining 20 Mt.

Plus, I have 2 questions here and hope you give me answers.
1. It's definitely possible to use "account for" with number data and percentage data, isn't it?

I heard some myths that "account for" should be used only with the data type of proportion. So when I see you use "account for" in this way, it makes me quite surprised.

2. In the following words or phrases: "make up", "occupy", and "constitute", which one(s) could be used interchangeably with "account for"?

Thank you.

tk2004e "...a very broad peak (about 17 Mt)..., between 1982 and 1990, which then rose to end at about 20 Mt in 2002". Am I right?

Yes, I was using a graph from an older post. It is slightly different but much easier to read.

tk2004I heard some myths that "account for" should be used only with the data type of proportion.

That "myth" accounts for only one of the six dictionary entries for "account for." See more examples from the next link. It is better to learn example sentences than just the individual words.

https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/account-for

tk20042. In the following words or phrases: "make up", "occupy", and "constitute", which one(s) could be used interchangeably with "account for"?

None are perfectly interchangeable. I cannot see how "occupy" can be used.

You can see suggestions and many example sentences here:

https://www.lexico.com/en/definition/account_for

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