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Pls I need help to understand what part of the speech are this words:

A doze off

Not sleep a wink

A heavy sleeper

Light sleeper

Have a nightmare

Fall asleep


How I find (books or dictionary) what part of the speech is the word?


Thank you.

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zany tile 941Pls I need help to understand what part of the speech are these words:

Parts of speech apply to individual words, and you can find that information in a dictionary.

For example "sleeper" is a noun.

https://www.dictionary.com/browse/sleeper?s=t


Are you asking about phrases? A phrase is a group of words..

To determine the part of speech of a phrase (more than one word), there are some rules to use.

First, determine if the phrase has a "head word". That is the word that determines how the phrase can be used in a sentence. (grammatically).
1. ignore modifiers

light sleeper - light is a modifier. and "sleeper" is a noun, so this is a noun phrase. Noun phrases can be used as nouns in a sentence.

2. Look for articles. ("a", "the" or "an") These mark noun phrases.

For example, "a doze off" is a noun phrase. ( But it does not appear to me to be good English because we have to force a verb "doze off" to be a noun. )

"A heavy sleeper" (This is a good noun phrase.)

The other examples in your list are not syntactical units. They do not have their own part of speech.

Not sleep a wink (This is a slice of words from a sentence without a syntactical function. e.g. He could not sleep a wink.)

Have a nightmare (This is an imperative sentence. )

Fall asleep (This is an imperative sentence. )

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Use the internet! Put the words in quotes, and then add the letters ESL.

For example:

"to doze off" esl

Here are the corrected words:

zany tile 941A doze off

TO DOZE OFF

Not sleep a wink

TO NOT SLEEP A WINK

A heavy sleeper

HEAVY SLEEPER

Light sleeper

LIGHT SLEEPER

Have a nightmare

TO HAVE A NIGHTMARE

Fall asleep

TO FALL ASLEEP


Let me know if you have any more questions about this...

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Comments  

Thank for your help but I still not quite sure how that helped me.

I need to clarify in my lesson those expressions - commenting which part of the speech are, grammatical information.

 AlpheccaStars's reply was promoted to an answer.
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I don't quite understand what your needs are with regard to this assignment you were given.

Oh! Thank you so much. You help me a lot. I have to check the meaning, form, and pronunciation of those "words"/"phrases."

Yes, I was looking dictionaries and a grammar book, but I wasn't confident with what I was founding as answers. It's so challenging to make this analysis.

Doze off - it's a phrasal verb;

Not sleep a wink - appears as an idiom;

Fall asleep and have a nightmare (without seeing your answer) I did what you mention. I thought about the word that is the headword to explain the "phrase"/expression.

Oh! Fall asleep in some websites are considered as collocation, I`m not sure tho.

Thank you again for helping Emotion: big smile

zany tile 941Not sleep a wink - appears as an idiom;

Yes, that is true, but an idiom is not a part of speech.

The parts of speech in the English language: noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection. Some lists separate article and determiners.

Other linguists give a different list of names, such as subordinator (for a conjunction)

This is from Wikipedia article:

The classification below, or slight expansions of it, is still followed in most dictionaries

Noun (names)a word or lexical item denoting any abstract (abstract noun: e.g. home) or concrete entity (concrete noun: e.g. house); a person (police officer, Michael), place (coastline, London), thing (necktie, television), idea (happiness), or quality (bravery). Nouns can also be classified as count nouns or non-count nouns ; some can belong to either category. The most common part of speech; they are called naming words.Pronoun (replaces or places again)a substitute for a noun or noun phrase (them, he). Pronouns make sentences shorter and clearer since they replace nouns.Adjective (describes, limits)a modifier of a noun or pronoun (big, brave). Adjectives make the meaning of another word (noun) more precise.Verb (states action or being)a word denoting an action (walk), occurrence (happen), or state of being (be). Without a verb a group of words cannot be a clause or sentence.Adverb (describes, limits)a modifier of an adjective, verb, or another adverb (very, quite). Adverbs make language more precise.Preposition (relates)a word that relates words to each other in a phrase or sentence and aids in syntactic context (in, of). Prepositions show the relationship between a noun or a pronoun with another word in the sentence.Conjunction (connects)a syntactic connector; links words, phrases, or clauses (and, but). Conjunctions connect words or group of wordsInterjection (expresses feelings and emotions)an emotional greeting or exclamation (Huzzah, Alas). Interjections express strong feelings and emotions.Article (describes, limits)a grammatical marker of definiteness (the) or indefiniteness (a, an). The article is not always listed among the parts of speech. It is considered by some grammarians to be a type of adjective or sometimes the term 'determiner' (a broader class) is used.
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zany tile 941Fall asleep in some websites are considered as collocation,

A collocation is two or more words that commonly go together as a "native speaker's phrase." It is similar to an idiom in that the individual words may not seem to fit each other.

For example,

A light sleeper is a person who wakes up easily from a little noise.

A sound sleep is a deep sleep. It is difficult to wake a person up who is sleeping soundly.

Collocations and idioms are not parts of speech.


We solve problems (solve + problem is a collocation)
We address issues (address + issues is a collocation)

But solve + issues does not go together. It is not a good collocation.