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In the following sentence is the word logged functioning as the predicate adjective/ subject compliment or is it a verb phrase, or could it be both?

Once the user passes authentication and the first part of authorization, the user is logged in to the client.

This second sentence is how my editor changed it to be "active" in her opinion.

Once the user passes authentication and the first part of authorization, the user logs in to the client.

My technical editor says "They actually mean the same thing, though one is passive and one is active. There is no difference grammatically, except that we cannot write in a passive voice in technical documentation. The only way you could interpret it differently is if something else is logging the user in -- if so, you need another noun to correct this."

My point is that the user is doing any action here and that's why I wrote it the way I did, using a linking verb and then logged to describe the state of the user after passing through the authentication process.
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Comments  (Page 3) 
No problem.

It is client and server software. The server portion often resides on a separate server computer and the client software usually resides on a workstation. End-users run the client to perform their tasks but the server does the authentication and authorization based on the username and password given when logging in. Some of our customers have hundreds of clients running that talk to one server.
No problem.

It is client and server software. The server portion often resides on a separate server computer and the client software usually resides on a workstation. End-users run the client to perform their tasks but the server does the authentication and authorization based on the username and password given when logging in. Some of our customers have hundreds of clients running that talk to one server.
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In that case, I think this version (which I think has already been mentioned) is best suited to what you want to say:

Once the user passes authentication and the first part of authorization, the user is logged in on the client.

MrP
Thank you all for your help. I've understood it all and agreed with the results. However, I've been overruled by the editor and the documentation manager where I work--the two sentences could be read to mean the same thing and the only difference is active versus passive and I need to write it so it is not passive. Doesn't matter what grammar books I cite or what evidence I offer from real sources.

So, you learn your lesson at every company-they are all different. Some just make arbitrary rules and decisions regardless of any references or real grammar sources.

Thanks again!

Dawnie
Thank you all for your help. I've understood it all and agreed with the results. However, I've been overruled by the editor and the documentation manager where I work--the two sentences could be read to mean the same thing and the only difference is active versus passive and I need to write it so it is not passive. Doesn't matter what grammar books I cite or what evidence I offer from real sources.

So, you learn your lesson at every company-they are all different. Some just make arbitrary rules and decisions regardless of any references or real grammar sources.

Thanks again!

Dawnie
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