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Dear teachers,

Are all of these expressions possible here, please?

1) Trapped indoors BY / BECAUSE OF the heavy rain Robert became increasingly bored.

2) I bought a lot of fruit IN / FROM the market.

See you later,

Hela
Comments  
1) Either of these is fine, but you need a comma after the word "rain."

2) I'd use "at the market." "in the market" is odd - one assumes you were inside when you bought the fruit and that preposition is therefore unnecessary. Unless you wanted to somehow emphasize THAT market, I'd also not use "from." Here's how it could be used: "Do you know the market on 15th street?" "Yes, I bought a lot of fruit from that market."
Thanks grammar geek.

Does somebody have a different opinion or do you all agree with him/her?
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HelaThanks grammar geek.

Does somebody have a different opinion or do you all agree with him/her?

All those forms are fine in BrEng. I'd begin a new sentence or add a conjunction after "rain".
Hi again, Hela.

I agree with Grammar Geek.

Milky posted two suggestions to "improve" sentence #1, but either would be wrong.

"Trapped indoors BY / BECAUSE OF the heavy rain" can't possibly stand alone as a grammatically correct sentence. It's a non-finite clause and, as such, dependent on a main clause that has to be present. That's why you can't start a new sentence after that.

You can't add a conjunction either because, since that portion of the sentence is subordinated to the main clause, it can't appear in coordination with it at the same time. It's either one or the other. And, actually, the subordinator is implied: "since/because/as he was trapped...".

Miriam

Dear Miriam,

Here is the sentence: "Trapped indoors BY / BECAUSE OF the heavy rain Robert became increasingly bored."

What I'd like to know if I can use BECAUSE OF here instead of BY and still have a correct sentence.

See you.
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Hello Hela

1) Trapped indoors BY / BECAUSE OF the heavy rain, Robert became increasingly bored.

– both are fine in BrE.

BY designates the agent; BECAUSE OF designates the cause. "Trapped" is a participle, and relates to "Robert". (Happily, it doesn't dangle.)

2) I bought a lot of fruit IN / FROM the market.

– both fine, in BrE: but IN suggests a covered market (i.e. in a building).

("At" is also fine, as GG says.)

See you,

MrP
Thank you MrP, your explanation is very clear. Emotion: smile