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Hi,

can you express your ideas on this please?

There is this exercise on the present infinitive and perfect infinitive. It has two parts.

In the first part it says:

Monica Collins is a famous actress. She is going on holiday to another country. Using the prompts given, say what she expects to be done on her arrival, as in the example.

The prompts are:

meet at the airport

give some flowers

drive to the hotel

photograph for newspapers and magazines

invite to appera on TV

The solution:

She expects to be met at the airport.

She expects to be given some flowers.

She expects to be driven to the hotel.

She expects to be photographed for newspapers and magazines.

She expects to be invited to appear on TV.

And, I agree with this part.

However, the second part says: Monica is back home now. Things didn't happen the way she expected them to. Look at prompts above again an make sentences, as in the example.

The solution:

She expected to have been met at the airport.

She expected to have been given some flowers.

She expected to have been driven to the hotel.

She expected to have been photographed for newspapers and magazines.

She expected to have been invited to appear on TV.

Well, I don't think this part is correct. Because I belive, we use the present infinitive for something that happens at the same time as the verb (here expect) or in the future. Which is correct in the first part.

And I think we use the perfect infinitive to say it happened before the verb (expect in this example). And she first expected and then the things didn't happen. So in my opinion it should be:

She expected to be met at the airports.

She expected to be given flowers. etc. Present infinitive. The things were supposed to happen after expecting.

So, in my view the possibilities are:

She expects to be met at the airport. (and maybe she will met maybe she won't)

She expected to be met at the airport. (and she was met at the airport)

She expected to be met at the airport. (but unfortunately, she wasn't)

Thanks for your thoughts and/or enlightening me.

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radovanThanks for your thoughts and/or enlightening me.

I have very few thoughts to add. You've already thought it all out yourself.

I suspect the only way you could get the perfect infinitive in there is to adjust the time sequence with the verb you choose. There may be better choices for the verb, and I'll leave that up to you to decide, but here's a possibility:

She was disappointed not to have been met at the airport.

CJ

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Thanks CJ for you reassurance. It really helps a lot. And I agree with your suggestion with the verb "disappoint". Because I totally agree with you. Not being met at the airport happened before she was disapponted. Once again. Thanks a lot for you reassurance. It really helps my confidence. English grammar is not always straightforward and easy. I personally believe you are one of the best tutors on this website. I don't know how you tutors are rewareded for all the hard work here, but if you are ever in the Czech Republic let me know. It would be my pleasure to show you around, give you some advice, tips, or whatever. You've been great and intelligable for all the years I have been asking questions here. I hope I am not breaking any of the weibsite rules I just don't know how to thank you personally in any other way.

You're very welcome.

Thanks for the testimonial. I'd be glad to look you up if I'm ever in that part of the world. I suppose the nearest I've ever been was Venice, and that was many years ago.

Take care,
Jim