I can easily indentified the present, past , future tenses, but I don't know anything about Present Participle and Past Participle Tenses. Could anyone explain me with example and when I have to use that tenses????
if i'm not wrong, these are the forms of verbs.
[my first answer , so please don't believe untill anyother tells us so. thanx]
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Are you thinking about what are called the Present Perfect and Past Perfect tenses? eg
Mary has cooked dinner.
Mary had cooked dinner.
Best wishes, Clive
TanglishHere is some basics that might help you.
Verb has four forms :
prsent simple : Break, hold, make, drink, write
Past simple: Broke, held, made, drank, wrote
Past participle: broken, held, made, drunk, written
Present participle: breaking, holding, making, drinking, writing.
Note : sometimes `simple past' and `past participle' has same forms. e.g. held-held, made-made.
As I told you above, Present participle is `ing' form of verbs.
Present participle is used to write `present progressive', `present perfect progressive', `past progressive', `past perfect progressive, `future progressive', `future perfect progressive'.
E.g. I am reading books. [Here `reading' is present participle] [It is present progressive sentence]
I have been playing football for five hours. [Here `playing is present participle, `been' is past participle] [It is present perfect progressive sentence]
Past participle is used to write `perfect tenses' e.g. (Present perfect, present perfect progressive, past perfect, past perfect progressive, future perfect, future perfect progressive)
e.g. I have made this book. [here `made' is past participle] [It is present perfect sentence]
I have been asking questions for 7 hours. [here `been' is past participle, `asking' is present participle] [It is present perfect progressive sentence]
Thanks a lot.. actually I always confused "have been","had been" usage in grammer. Now I know something ant "have been". Could you tell me when we have to use "had been"???
I had been wrote english, I had been gone near to his
Theses are wrong. I think you need to read about the whole topic of Past Perfect in your grammar book.
Best wishes, Clive
The four forms of a verb are the infinitive (to walk), the present participle (walking), the past (walked), and the past participle (have walked). With some verbs the past and past participle are the same; with some verbs they are different. (to go, going, went, have gone)
The present participle is used to form progressive tenses. The past participle is used to form perfect tenses. If that is not confusing enough, they can also both be used as adjectives.
I hope this helps.
THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF PARTICIPLES
1. PAST PARTICIPLES AND
2. PRESENT PARTISIPLES
THE PAST PARTICIPLE ENDS IN D, ED, N,EN AND T
AND the Present perticiples end in ing
Participles modify nouns and pronouns which means that they are describing nouns and pronouns and in grammar, participles function as an adjective and not a verb. Most of the adjectives we use in the english language are mostly PARTICIPLES.
example. The crying baby had a wet diaper.
In this example that i gave.. the word crying is not a verb but a present participle. WHY? because it modifies or in simple terms it describes the word baby which is anoun. ALso it ends in ing which is a rule in identifying present participle.
I hope that i was able to help you on this regard. Have a great day
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