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first plz forgive my poor english.

lerning about english for a year, one thing that i really want to know is what (the have) represents in perfect present.

for exemple "I ( have) broken a vase."

Of course I know that (the have) is just being used as a function word

but I wonder whether (the have) represents special meaning in that sentence.

dose it really represent any meaning? just fucntion word?
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Today, have itself doesn't have any specific meaning. Just an auxilliary verb.
You certainly have a knack for languages given the fact you only have been learning English for a mere year.

Have does not carry meaning in perfect tenses; it is just a grammatical auxiliary verb.
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I appreciate your answer. ^^
Hi guys,

I'm not completely comfortable saying Have does not carry meaning in perfect tenses; it is just a grammatical auxiliary verb. That's true in a sense. But on the other hand, when we say 'They have cooked dinner', we mean that now they 'have the result' of cooking dinner. In other words, I don't think it's just by accident that 'have' is the auxiliary verb that has come to be used with the perfect tense.

Best wishes, Clive
I've thought about that, Clive, but decided not to post.
I think you're right, though.
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Your reply is really helpful to me thank you so much clive.

I agree that the reason that HAVE get to be used as presen perfect is not an accident.
If you broke a vase, what do you have? You have a vase - (and it's) broken.
If you closed a book, what do you have? You have a book - closed.
If you wrote a letter, what do you have? You have a letter - written.

It seems to me that the perfect tenses must have started out as this type of expression, evolving as shown:

I have a vase - It's broken. > I have a vase broken. > I have broken a vase.

All the other elements of the language fell into place using the same pattern, whether it made sense from the original point of view or not.

So if you can say
I have broken a vase.
then why not
I have gone to the market? (Even though you don't actually have anything which is "gone"!!!)

So I think that what started as something fairly logical eventually got extended to all areas of the language, just by the force of habit of using the same pattern with so many other verbs.

CJ