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Hello

What's the difference between Present Perfect and Past Simple?

I need your help.

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Present Perfect Past Simple
you'll find several good threads

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The best way is to consul a grammar book. Like MH said, you could find threads here.

The simple past indicates that an activity or situations began and ended at a particular time in the past.
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there are a few differences.In the past tense,we mention the events which are finished but in the present perfect tense the activities are still going on now and maybe it will go on in the futere.Also,for definite time,past tense is better,for unstated time present perfect is better.

ı know them but if you lok at a grammar book,you can take the best knowledges about the differences.
Can you give an example about an action happened but the activities are still going on now?
As Jussive mentioned somewhere in those threads I've recommended you to read:
I have lived here for twenty years.
(I still live here)
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Hi,

here is a couple of examples:

Past – John worked for XYZ company two years ago after he got married.

(he no longer works for this company)

Present perfect- John has worked for XYZ company since he got married.

(he started working there after he got married, and he still is up to now)

Rule of thumb: if you just want to simple express an idea or describe something that happened in the past, [past] tense is sufficient.

If you just want to express an idea or describe something that started sometime in the past but it’s on-going, then use present perfect.

I lived in for a few months while I was doing a project two years ago. –done and past.

I have lived or [been living] in for 3 months now and probably longer until the project it’s completed. (here, I have included present perfect progress as an option which I prefer).

Hope it helps...
What's the difference between Present Perfect and Past Simple?

X - the present moment - the moment of speaking
<.......> Time period in which the action or situation occurs.

Simple Past

...............<....>......................X.....................

Present Perfect

..............................................X>.................

CJ
Thanks guys
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