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hello

I dont why but Gerunds stiil avoid my progress it's so hard issue..

ok here is my ques :

if i say : He is capable of winning a gold medal. this is means winning here is noun or verb?

if it's true does it mean that everything finishes after "Adjective + Preposition Combinations Followed by Gerunds" is noun?it means that the ground here is a noun or a verb?

take other sentences

She is fond of having picnics.
She is frightened of being alone at night.
The banker was guilty of stealing money.
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ok but i have one ques :

I apologise for losing your essays and i apologise for having lost .... this is the same?

my main problem is whether ing after preposition is past?future?present ?or this is noun(losing)
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Hi,

She is fond of having picnics.

She is frightened of being alone at night.

The banker was guilty of stealing money

All of the above are "ing" verbs are used as present participles, not gerund.

Winning a gold metal wasn't easy. Winning - in this case is a gerund.

Stealing was the crime the banker was aharged with. - Gerund.

Hope that helps


thx but if i say

Please forgive me for not writing to you.

is he not writing him now or in the past?
Please forgive me for not writing to you. – This is an understood answer. However semantically, it is not quite a smooth sentence. Let’s say you haven’t been in touch with your oversea friend for a long time and you received a letter from him, you may use the above statement and he will understand what you mean. Consider the following variations of the same sentence.

Please accept my apology for not having been able to write to you. (followed by explanation or excuse)

Please accept my apology for not being able to write to you. (ditto)
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The gold medal is the noun. Winning is a verb or more accurately a present participle, occurring after an adjective and preposition. 'ing' forms as nouns are gerunds, for example, 'Smoking is bad for you'. Smoking here is a gerund because it is an activity, like reading or swimming and acts as a noun.