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Could you please help on how to use in a proper way and the slight differences of the following words:

prohibited and forbidden: are they perfect synonyms, or prohibited has a strongest meaning!

While and whilst.. I know they are perfect synonyms but whilst is a little posh or an old word? can I use it in speaking or just in writing!!

Thank you in advance!!!!

JGL
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Hi,

Could you please help on how to use in a proper way and the slight differences of the following words:

prohibited and forbidden: are they perfect synonyms, or prohibited has a strongest meaning!

forbid = order not to, or refuse to allow.

eg She forbade her son from watching TV.

prohibit = a more formal kind of 'forbid', with more authority.

eg Trespassing is prohibited, penalty a fine of $1,000.

American citizens are prohibited from visiting Cuba.

Another sense is 'His broken leg prohibits him from playing soccer'.

While and whilst.. I know they are perfect synonyms but whilst is a little posh or an old word? can I use it in speaking or just in writing!! I seldom hear 'whilst' in NAmE, but it may perhaps be more common in BrE. My advice is that you should use it if you like it. Live a little!

Best wishes, Clive
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Puzzlingly, "whilst" does seem to have acquired a reputation as a "stylish" word, in BrE; though the inhouse style guides of newspapers and magazines often warn against it.

It's useful when the next word begins with a vowel or weak syllable.

Cf. "amongst", "amidst".

MrP
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Comments  
There are no perfect synonyms. In this case, when meaning is the same or almost the same, the usage usually differs:

Xing is forbidden. (may be less official/legal)
Xing is prohibited. (may be more official/legal)

BUT

I forbid you to X.
You are forbidden to X.

The government has prohibited Xing.
We are prohibited from Xing.

And, as you saw, the main distinction between while and whilst is both dialectal and contextual.
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additional note:
When using the impersonal passive voice, both forms are also the same (as with Xing is...):

It is forbidden to X
It is prohibited to X