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Dear teachers!
Could you please check the following sentences and correct them for me?

1. Can you answer to the question to whom it belongs?
2. To whom does it belong?
3-1. [Who/Whom] do you think this car belongs to?
3-2. To [who/whom] do you think this car belongs to?
4. You live with the assumption that everything comes in due time.
5. Can anyone try to account for the difference between "who" and whom"?
6. Being all together at Christmas adds to magnificent atmosphere accompanying this holiday.
7. She compires an exception.
8-1. He has recently published a book entitled: "Phrasal Verbs... How the New Meaning Comes Into Being".
8-2. He has recently published a book entitled: "Phrasal Verbs... How is the New Meaning Created".
8-3. He has recently published a book entitled: "Phrasal Verbs... How the New Meaning Originates".
9-1. She aims to pass this exam.
9-2. She aims at passing this exam.
10. The engine used in "Unreal Tournament 2004" [is accord with / answers to / comes up to / measures up] players' expectations.
(Unreal Tournament is the name of a computer game, should it be surrounded with quotation marks or italicized then?)

Thank you very much
Best regards.
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It is not really true to say that whom is more formal than who.

Each word had a specific role to play in grammatical terms, but we are at a point in history where this aspect of language is changing. Many native speakers are unsure about which to use, so they either drop "whom" altogether, OR use it where it is not appropriate grammatically, in an effort to appear "educated".

My guess is that the whom variation will be dropped by most people and who alone will eventually become the new standard in both situations.
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"Whom" is the accusative case of "who". It's really easy to get this right. Forget all the rules - just imagine you're saying "he" or "him" instead of "who" or "whom". Get that right, and then switch pronouns - replace "he" (which has no "m") with "who", and "him" (which ends in an "m") with "whom", and it will be right. Easy trick.

Suzi is correct that many people don't use this in spoken English (although it's not dead yet), but I assume you need the formal answer, so there it is.

As for your other questions, if you want to understand the principles behind these things, all you have to do is ask. Start a separate thread for each principle, if you can separate them. But if all you want are the answers, I'm afraid it will have to be someone other than I who supplies them.

Rommie
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Regarding who/whom

1) The relative pronoun is the subject of the relative clause => who. "John is the only one who understands me"

2) The relative pronoun is the object of the relative clause => who/whom. Whom is more formal than who. "John is the only one who/m/ I understand."

3) The relative pronoun comes after a preposition => whom. "John is the only one of whom I speak."
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All three variations of question eight are correct. As indeed is:

He has recently published a book entitled: "Phrasal Frogs... How is the Cream Bun?".

You can put anything in quotes. Only the stuff outside the quotes requires correct syntax. For all I know, the book might really have been called that!

Rommie Emotion: smile
Ok, thanks very much. All your valuable clues on "who/whom" rule will help me in recognizing when to use each one of them correctly. However, could anyone cast one's eye over all the sentences? Well, I mean here if you can tell me whether they make sense to you, or what is possibly wrong with them.

Thank you very much indeed
Best regards.
-- Camilus