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When we use a preposition, how do we know what it relates to every time or have to figure it out based on context?

For example:

If the connection is still valid the ISP will move on and not disrupt service via provisioning a new IP address.

This sentence means that "Provisioning a new IP address will disrupt service, if the connection is still valid the ISP will move on and not do that"

However, I figured this out only by knowing the field and context in which this sentence is being used.

How do you know it is not: "Provisioning a new IP address will not disrupt service, If the connection is still valid the ISP will move on and do that."

How do you know the preposition is connecting to the positive phrase or the negative phrase?

Another example

I will not disappoint my family by being successful. by connects to not disappoint. I will not interrupt him with hand gestures. by connects to interrupt.

If someone said these 2 sentences, I could figure it out by common sense, but they are using totally different grammar rules.

Is there a standard, correct grammar for this? Or I will just have to speculate when I am not sure?


P.S:I already made a post about this, however it caused some misunderstandings from the question, and someone also suggested I should make another post and the teachers and grammarians in here will want to have a crack at this. Here is the link https://www.englishforums.com/English/QuestionAboutPreposition/bqcggb/post.htm

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