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Dear all,

Kindly see the following sentences. I would like to know the meaning of "to have" in the following two sentences. I just can't understand whether the following sentences are in present tense or in past tense.


Economists are expecting growth to have slowed to 6.2% from 6.4% in the previous quarter.

He is happy to have attended.


Thank you.

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cat navy 425Economists are expecting

This is present tense, so the whole sentence counts as present tense.

cat navy 425He is happy

This is present tense, so the whole sentence counts as present tense.


cat navy 425Economists are expecting growth to have slowed to 6.2% from 6.4% in the previous quarter.

~ Economists are expecting that growth will have slowed to 6.2% from 6.4% in the previous quarter.

The paraphrase contains the future perfect tense in the subordinate clause. The future appears there because of the meaning of 'expect'.

cat navy 425He is happy to have attended.

~ He is happy that he attended.

The paraphrase contains the simple past in the subordinate clause.

CJ

Comments  
Now I understand. Thanks a lot CJ Sir.