What exactly is the difference between "learn how to do" and "learn to do" in their meanings?
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Hi Taka,
Interesting question. I wouldn’t say there is an exact difference. I think we often use them interchangeably.

Maybe ‘learn how to do’ stresses learning the method more, and ‘learn to do’ focuses more on the result, but I really wouldn’t want to argue the case strongly for that at all.

Others may have a very different opinion?

So you think "You need to learn to appreciate it" and "You need to learn how to appreciate it" , for example, are almost the same?
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Well, I'd say 'yes', subject to my earlier comment.
Hmm...Then what about this?

I took an art class. I was

(a ) learning how to paint.
(b ) learning to paint.

I personally think (b ) is weird...
I don't. Actually, I prefer (b), it seems more elegant, better style, more direct, less redundant.
In my opinion, (b) also seems a bit more natural, because the main focus is 'the pictures I will paint' rather than 'how I will mix the colours and apply my brush-strokes.'

Why does it seem weird to you?

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Oops, my b appeared as a beer mug
Why does it seem weird to you?

Because you were in an art class, and I think a class is where you learn a skill, a "how-to", so to speak.
Yes, but the 'how-to's' are a means to an end. The end goal is 'to paint'.
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