Southern trees bear a strange fruit,
Blood on the leaves and blood at the root,
Black body swinging in the Southern breeze,
Strange fruit hanging from the poplar trees.

Pastoral scene of the gallant South,
The bulging eyes and the twisted mouth,
Scent of magnolia sweet and fresh,
And the sudden smell of burning flesh!

Here is a fruit for the crows to pluck,
For the rain to gather, for the wind to suck,
For the sun to rot, for a tree to drop,
Here is a strange and bitter crop.

1.Pick up an element and explain it.

I don't understand the question. What does "element" mean in this question? Does it mean choosing an example of metaphor and explain it?
1 2
Yes, a metaphor, or an image, or another literary device. Some examples:

Strange fruit
Pastoral; gallant
Scent; smell
I still don't understand

I pick up strange fruit

it is using metaphor

strange fruit means dead body in this way

what more can I explain?
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Ah! That is the genius of academic essay writing. Elaborate. Dissect the details-- all the ways in which fruit = body = result is exemplified and united in this poem.
understood =)

but for the last stanza

why is the crop strange and bitter ?
C'mon, Anon-- you're going to have to do some thinking for yourself: Why is a corpse hanging from a tree strange and bitter?
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because of the dead bodies' blood..

how can I elaborate it so as to write more?
Why is this strange fruit on a Southern tree? Do poplar trees ordinarily bear fruit? What colors are most fruits? What is the color of this fruit? In what other ways is this fruit different from ordinary fruit? How often do you see a tree with such fruit? Is this fruit a product of the tree or of something else? What?
I've read the replies that people have made.

Is strange fruit a metaphor for the dead bodies hanging?

Or is it just comparing the fruit to the bodies?
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