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Hi,

1. In the New International Version of the Bible, in Psalm 60:5, it is written:

Save us and help us with your right hand, that those you love may by delivered.

What is the function of the word "that" here?

2. In the New International Version of the Bible, in Psalm 54:5, it is written:

Let evil recoil on those who slander me; in your faithfulness destroy them.

Can we use the word "evil" both as a noun or an adjective? I am not sure what the word "evil" here functions as.

3. In the New International Version of the Bible, in Isaiah 41:3, it is written:

He pursues them and moves on unscathed, by a path his feet have not traveled before.

Do you think a comma is placed before the word "by" to allow a breathing room/space?
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Hi,

1. In the New International Version of the Bible, in Psalm 60:5, it is written:

Save us and help us with your right hand, that those you love may be delivered.

What is the function of the word "that" here? It indicates purpose, like 'in order that'. This usage is rather old-fashioned, rhetorical and literary. It's not uncommon in bible verses.

2. In the New International Version of the Bible, in Psalm 54:5, it is written:

Let evil recoil on those who slander me; in your faithfulness destroy them. (This seems like a somewhat harsh penalty for such an offence.)

Can we use the word "evil" both as a noun or an adjective? I am not sure what the word "evil" here functions as.

It's a noun. eg We speak of 'the struggle between good and evil'.

3. In the New International Version of the Bible, in Isaiah 41:3, it is written:

He pursues them and moves on unscathed, by a path his feet have not traveled before.

Do you think a comma is placed before the word "by" to allow a breathing room/space? Yes. (When you think about it, you can probably say the same thing about all commas. )

Best wishes, Clive
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Of course, "evil" can also be an adjective. But in the example given here, it's a noun.
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