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1. Does the phrase 'a great' go with the 'responsibility' too? How would you tell?

We have a great privilege and responsibility as citizens of this great nation.

I have trouble in putting two phrases or words that have countable and variable nouns together.

eg,
We need to have a long talk and discussion afterward on this topic.

2. Should there be the article 'a' before the phrase 'growing econmic gap'?

We have many challenges before us: economic instability, a shortage of jobs, globalization, and growing economic gap between people living in cities and on farms.

3. Does the word 'sin' encompass all the sins of the past or just one sin? I think this partial sentence can be thought of as something that would appear in books such as the Bible.

Because of the sin of your forefathers, I have decided to ...
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1. Does the phrase 'a great' go with the 'responsibility' too? -- It is ambiguous. How would you tell?-- Common sense.

We need to have a long talk and discussion afterward on this topic.-- One of them is redundant-- use either 'talk' or 'discussion', not both.

2. Should there be the article 'a' before the phrase 'growing econmic gap'?-- Yes; 'gap' is countable.

3. Does the word 'sin' encompass all the sins of the past or just one sin?-- There is not enough context to judge; it could be either, but I would presume that it us uncountable (= all the sinning of the past)
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Comments  
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Thank you. How would you judge this structural series of nouns after the phrase "such as," especially the underlined part? Does the article "a" extend to the word "religion"?

Men are continually trying to reconcile with God thrrough his own efforts, such as an examplary life, philosophy or religion.

Also, I think it is recommended that we don't use the word "like" to mean the phrase "such as". Then, when can we use the word "like"? I thought the word "like" is almost same with the phrase "such as" in usage.
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Does the article "a" extend to the word "religion"? -- Yes, but the rest of your sentence is a little off. It should read something like this:

Men are continually trying to reconcile with God through their own activities, such as an exemplary life, philosophy or religion.

'Like' is more casual than 'such as'. It could be used in this sentence, but would probably not sound formal enough.
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Thank you. Could I interprete the issue of extending the article "a" to the other two that follow like? Could I take/treat nouns "philosophy" and "religion" as uncountable and would you consider that acceptable?

My sentence in the original post:

Men are continually trying to reconcile with God thrrough his own efforts, such as an examplary life, philosophy or religion.

Would it confused those looking at my sentence if I rearranged the parts involved like this and convert those words "philosophy" and "religion" into an uncountable noun?

Men are continually trying to reconcile with God thrrough his own efforts, such as philosophy, religion or an exemplary life.

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Could I interprete the issue of extending the article "a" to the other two that follow like? Could I take/treat nouns "philosophy" and "religion" as uncountable and would you consider that acceptable?-- As the word order stands in your original, they could be taken either way, with no important difference

Would it confuse those looking at my sentence if I rearranged the parts involved like this and convert those words "philosophy" and "religion" into an uncountable noun?-- No confusion, and perhaps a better approach.
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