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1)If my friend tells me that he will not attend to the party tomorrow.
And another friend asks me:'Will he be the party tomorrow ?'

You would reply :'He said that he didn't/doesn't want or will/would not to go to the party.' ?

It should be past tense or present tense,I am wondering it now that my friend has told me,It should be the past,so I've got to use past tense-didn't or wouldn't,yet it is his decision now that hasn't past yet,so it also should be present.Please tell me the right answer.

2)If there is a new-opened fun fair,you go there and play the ferris wheel there.After playing it then your friend ask you that 'how did you feel'.your answer should be 'It was fantastic and exciting' or 'It is fantastic and exciting' ?
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Either usage is fine.

The meanings are sutlely different.

"He says that he doesn't want to go. " focuses on his current state Eg he is a party pooper.

"He said he didn't want to go" just reports the fact of what he said.

Similar...the ferris wheel is really exciting focuses on his opinion of the ferris-wheel -experience

Hope this helps..
Catherine DemorvanThe meanings are sutlely different.
What does sutlely mean? I think that you typed wrongly.

I can make sense to what you explained,but in my view,I consider that past tense should be used in daily conversations usually.

Yet I still have a couple of questions about it.

If someone tells me that he doesn't want to go climbing today.
And I convey the message to other one.Normally,should I say :'He said he didn't want to go climbing today' ?

But It is today,according to grammatical rule,today is present,then I should not use past tense,I am wondering it now.Could you explain to me?

In case of I just convey the message whoever has said,so the content of message I convey to other person must be past tense form.

He said that he didn't want/would/was not going/could/might...........Correct ?
Catherine DemorvanSimilar...the ferris wheel is really exciting focuses on his opinion of the ferris-wheel -experience
Supposing that someone asks me that 'How did you feel after playing the roller coaster/water world ?'

I should reply in past tense (like it was awesome/fantastic/exciting) because the question is how did... which means it has gone.Correct ?

Yet,if my such feeling of excitement is still present,what should I reply ?
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Sorry. Subtly.

You can use either the present or past tense. Both are equally acceptable. If the focus is present use the present.

I don't think you can get a feel for correct usage by learning lots of rules, try watching lots of English films or TV. Then, what is normal usage will just end up sounding nomal, and odd usage sounding odd. This is how I check my German usage...if it sounds right to me it normal is right...

If you want to express how you are feeling right now, you can simply say. I'm still feeling giddy from my ride on the roller-coaster. NB You ride roller-coasters /ferris wheels. You play cricket. (or attempt to play it in England's case. :-) ).

All the best.

Catheine.
All right,I can make sense what you mean,
Let me make a conclusion,please check and correct if that is something wrong or somewhat unacceptable,thanks.

In my view,If my opening of sentence starts with 'he said',a past tense form,so the next one,I am supposed to continuous using past tense,even there is 'today' including in the content as he said he didn't want to go for a walk today.
Catherine DemorvanI don't think you can get a feel for correct usage by learning lots of rules, try watching lots of English films or TV. Then, what is normal usage will just end up sounding nomal, and odd usage sounding odd. This is how I check my German usage...if it sounds right to me it normal is right...
Yeah,agree.Learning lots of grammatical rules blindly is not a smart way to study English.Yet,it is unavoidable,because I get few person who can have a chat in English,so very upset,just get a few time to practise my improving English.
Catherine Demorvan. You play cricket. (or attempt to play it in England's case. :-) ).
Sorry,I cannot make out what 'you play cricket' means here.
Play is the verb used with games (eg cricket) or musical instruments.

Ride is for fairground rides and horses.

If you want to check usage you can type the phase into google..

Lots of hits means it is almost certainly good English, few hits means it's probably wrong.

Here, ""he said he didn't " = 96 000 hits v "he said he doesn't " = 3,500 hits.

Past plus past dominant usage, but past plus present OK depending on sense.

There is a site calld busuu.com that may help you finding people to practice your English with.

All the best,

Catherine.
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Alexander OJR'Will he be at the party tomorrow?'
Your question is about backshifts in reports.

If you backshift when you report what someone said, you match past tense to past tense.

He said he didn't want to go to the party. / He said he wouldn't be at the party.

If you don't backshift, you don't match tenses, leaving what was said in the present.

He said he doesn't want to go to the party. / He said he won't be at the party.

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Backshifting is always correct.
But backshifting is not always required, especially if the situation is still in the future.

The party is still in the future, so backshifting is not required. Therefore you can say either one of these. They are both correct.

If you are just beginning to learn English, use the backshift in all cases. That way you always know it's correct. Later you can practice with situations that can be done without a backshift.

CJ
CalifJimIf you backshift when you report what someone said, you match past tense to past tense.
He said he didn't want to go to the party. / He said he wouldn't be at the party.
If you don't backshift, you don't match tenses, leaving what was said in the present.
He said he doesn't want to go to the party. / He said he won't be at the party.
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Backshifting is always correct.
But backshifting is not always required, especially if the situation is still in the future.
So backshifting matches past tense to past tense or present to present,that must be correct.

However,It's still in the future or will happen in today.It does not matter it is past tense to past tense or past to present,I can use either one of these-'He said he didn't or doesn't want to go climbing today'.Correct ?
Alexander OJRSo backshifting matches past tense to past tense or present to present
It's only considered backshifting when the original statement in the present is used in the report in the past tense. You shift backwards in time. That's how it gets its name.

If you say, "I am tired", and then I say, "He says he is tired", I have not backshifted.
If I say, "He said he is tired", I have not backshifted.
If I say, "He said he was tired", then I have backshifted.
Alexander OJRIt's still in the future or will happen in today.It does not matter it is past tense to past tense or past to present,I can use either one of these-'He said he didn't or doesn't want to go climbing today'.Correct ?
Yes. That is correct. Either one.

CJ
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