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I have two questions concerning quotation marks. The first is;

When in a paragraph a person is thinking a sentence or two, and these are strictly thoughts that are not actually spoken, are quotation marks used in the same way one would quote a person's speech? Example;

At first Jennifer was confused and she thought to herself, "What was I thinking? I should never have approached her that way."

The second question is about quoting a long speech which takes up more than one paragraph. Where is the proper placement of quotation marks within a long speech?
Example;

"You know how long we've struggled and now it's our time to fight a little harder. We have come so far and have made such extroidinary progress.

"It was so many years ago when our struggle began. Do you even remember it? Most of you were mere children."

With this example I continue to put the quotation marks at the beginning of the paragraph, but only put the closing quotation marks at the final end of the speech. Is this correct?
Thank you,
Miss V
Comments  
"I don't want to fight with you, please don't make me do that" She begged him. We usually use quotations in reported speech.
Does anyone know the "formal" or "technical" name for the words that announce the speaker?

She said," In a long speech quotation marks appear at the beginning of each new paragraph, and end when the speaker has finished."

In the above sentence, do the words "she said" have a grammatical name?

My old English ( Little Brown) book refers to those words as "the words that explain the speaker".

The new Open Court student edition refers to them as "name tags".

Surely, there is more precise-difficult- terminology.
Thanks