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Hi teachers,I would appreciate your help with theses questions: 1-Could relative clauses be reduced in this way?
"I have a friend who teaches English." ...."I have a friend  teaching English."
"Two of the terrorists who shot the president have been caught."..."Two of the terrorists having shot the president have been caught."
"The man who invented camera has won an award."..."The man having invented camera has won an award."
2- which of these forms in participle clause are correct?
"Having passed / Passing his driving test,Gary became rather big-headed."
"Having put / Putting down my newspaper, I walked over to the window."
please explain,thank you in advance.
Comments  
goldfish"I have a friend who teaches English." ...."I have a friend teaching English."
No, you cannot!
goldfish.. "Two of the terrorists who shot the president have been caught.".."Two of the terrorists having shot the president have been caught."
No, the former is correct, but the latter is incorrect.
goldfishThe man who invented camera has won an award."..."The man having invented camera has won an award."
Having invented the (special) camera, the man has won an award.
Hello, I am afraid I am not convinced. could any one else explain it to me?
Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?

Two terrorists first shot the president then they were caught.

Having shot the president , two terrorists were caught.


First he invented the camera then he won an award.


Having invented the camera, the man won an award.

Maybe you don't realize it, but you are answering a question that was asked many years ago.

Why not answer questions that are more recent? That way there's a better chance that the person who asked the question is still participating on our forum and can benefit from your answer.

Besides, the question was about reduced relative clauses, and those come about by deleting 'who is' or a similar construction with a relative pronoun and a form of be. The problem with the given sentences is that they have no form of be after the relative word.

Thomas is dressed like a butler who is holding a large platter of cheese.
> Thomas is dressed like a butler holding a large platter of cheese.

That represented about half of the money that was borrowed by banks that day.
> That represented about half of the money borrowed by banks that day.

CJ