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Hi. In Ephesians 6:17 of the Bible, in the New International Version, it is stated:

Take the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.

1) Which is the referent of the pronoun "which"? Is it both the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, in which case I think the pronoun "which" should be followed by "are"?

Also, in Matthew 7:14 of the Bible, in the New International Version, it is stated:

But small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.

2) What is the referent of the pronoun "that"? Is it both the gate and the road? If yes, should it be "that lead"? instead of the singular "that is"?

Thank you in advance for your help.
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anonymousTake the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.

It seems to me that it is the act of taking up of the helmet and sword which is the word of God. That is, God said to take up the helmet and sword.

anonymousBut small is the gate and narrow the road that leads to life, and only a few find it.

Because of "leads" the reference must be to "the road".

CJ

Comments  
anonymous1) Which is the referent of the pronoun "which"? Is it both the helmet of salvation and the sword of the Spirit, in which case I think the pronoun "which" should be followed by "are"?

The word is the sword. The verses before that are a litany of allegorical armor that you are supposed to don. The preceding verse is "In addition to all this, take up the shield of faith, with which you can extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one." The bit after "faith" is about the shield, as the bit after "spirit" is about the sword.

anonymous2) What is the referent of the pronoun "that"? Is it both the gate and the road? If yes, should it be "that lead"? instead of the singular "that is"?

"Lead" is also singular in the KJV. The gate cannot lead to anything the way a road can. The antecedent is "road", but I see your problem. They didn't try very hard to be clear about it. It's funny, but I had always pictured the road leading to the gate, but now that I think about it, it could be that you have to squeeze through this hidden, narrow gate first to get on the road.