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Hello.
Do these verbs have to use reflexive pronouns or these pronouns are used here as emphasis?

He has cut himself on his knee.
She sacrifice herself for others.
Comments  
Both verbs are transitive and thus require an object. It doesn't have to be the subject - but because it is, the reflexive pronoun is required.

She sacrified the lamb on the altar.
He has cut the birthday cake into too few pieces.

You can say "He has a cut" but if you use cut as a verb and he is the one who has been cut, then "He cut himself."

Likewise, "She made a sacrifice" - but "She sacrified herself."
Hi,

If you wish to speak more specifically, you could say:

He has cut his knee.
She sacrificed her independence.


Best wishes, Clive
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Grammar GeekBoth verbs are transitive and thus require an object. It doesn't have to be the subject - but because it is, the reflexive pronoun is required.

She sacrified the lamb on the altar.
He has cut the birthday cake into too few pieces.

You can say "He has a cut" but if you use cut as a verb and he is the one who has been cut, then "He cut himself."
<>Likewise, "She made a sacrifice" - but "She sacrified herself."

Do you mean the verb would be "to sacrify"? Can't find it in M-W unabridged.

Also at Yahoo:

"She sacrified herself"
34 hits

"She sacrificed herself"
3,700 hits
Grammar Geek:
it was me posting the above, went anonymous in a rush, sorry:-)
I'm sorry. I make a lot of typos, which I realize is not helpful in a forum like this. I meant to type "She sacrificed herself" but by accident I left out that other c. I'm sorry for any resulting confusion.
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The verbs "cut" and "sacrifice" don't have to use reflexives. The reflexive pronouns can be used with lots of verbs. The "reflection" element means that they refer back to a noun/pronoun already mentioned in the clause.

"My mom hurt herself"
"The dog scratched itself."
"Bobby surprised himself."

A reflexive pronoun typically acts as a complement to the subject, as in all my examples above - and in you examples, too.

Another function for the reflexive pronouns is for emphasis, as in "I myself checked the lock" or "Steve Jobs himself gave the ten millionth iPod to the winner."

Siggy
SiggyThe verbs "cut" and "sacrifice" don't have to use reflexives. The reflexive pronouns can be used with lots of verbs. The "reflection" element means that they refer back to a noun/pronoun already mentioned in the clause.

"My mom hurt herself"
"The dog scratched itself."
"Bobby surprised himself."

A reflexive pronoun typically acts as a complement to the subject, as in all my examples above - and in you examples, too.

Another function for the reflexive pronouns is for emphasis, as in "I myself checked the lock" or "Steve Jobs himself gave the ten millionth iPod to the winner."

Siggy
If I'm not wrong, my example sentences would be correct. So, what is the function of the reflexive pronoun in those sentences?
Referring back to the noun/pronoun?
A complement of the subject?
For emphasis?