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Dear teachers,

Would you please tell me if my analysis is correct ?

Reporting verbs in indirect speech are used to :
1) ask questions (asked, wanted to know, wondered (correct?))
2) express continuity (added , continued, --other examples ?)
3) make comments (?) (observed, noted, noticed, remarked (correct ?)) (otherwise, what are these verbs used for? Would you have a better heading?)

4) express feelings (?) (complained, moaned (correct ?) –other examples ?)
5) express a state of mind (?) = thought (?)
6) express anything else ?

Many thanks,
some verbs for saying

["..", that]
acknowledge, add, admit, affirm, allege, announce, answer, assert,
claim, comment, complain, continue, cry, declare, exclaim, explain,
maintain, mutter, observe, order, proclaim, promise, pronounce, protest,
remark, reply, report, say, shout, state, tell, vow, wail

["..?", wh/if]
ask, inquire, query, question

grumble, laugh, return, sang, smile, utter, weep

demand, deny, moan, note, notice, notify, pledge, request, suggest,

Thanks Paco,

But what I wanted is to put "a name / heading" to the ideas these verbs refer to, i.e., what they express: the writer's feelings, state of mind (?), comment, denial, thoughts...
But it is true that I can classify them the way you did, that is according to the types of clauses that follow them.

See you,
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It is true, but you may be only making a list rather than creating any kind of meaningful classification. We can use the same headings for direct speech, and we can make nearly as many compartments as there are verbs, if we wish.

6. lack of continuity -- interrupted, interposed, interjected
7. expressed opinions -- thought, opined, reasoned, considered
8. solicited responses -- requested, urged, encouraged, suggested
9. exhibited a speech idiosyncrasy --- slurred, rasped, whispered


The possibilities are legion.
Hello Hela

I'm sorry I mistook what you are questioning. All the verbs I showed belong to so called "verbs of saying". Reporting verbs are part of the "verbs of saying", which take a direct discourse and a that clause as its complement. I don't know what way "verbs of saying" are further categorized into groups. The verbs like "guess", "think", "believe", "suppose", "expect", "imagine", etc. are called "verbs of thinking", and the verbs like "hope", "wish", "want", "desire" are called "verbs of emotion". I don't think grammarians call those two categories of verbs as reporting verbs.

Thank you Mr Micawber and Paco. I'll make my day with the list you have sent me.Emotion: wink
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