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The sentence below is from an exam held nationwide in Turkey in 2005. The answer is A, but why "imply" is wrong? doesn't it have a sense meaning require?

Marathon-training schedules range from four to six months and they all ---- considerable

discipline.

A) require B) reduce C) imply D) combine E) improve
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Comments  (Page 2) 
"Require" means that discipline is THE condition for marathon training. You are disciplined? OK you can try it. You are not? Then drop it.

"Imply" is too soft here, it would mean "OK, you can try and acquire some discipline during your training".
Diamondrg

Marathon-training schedules range from four to six months and they all ---- considerable

discipline.

A) require B) reduce C) imply D) combine E) improve


LONGMAN DEFINITON:



-if a principle, action, idea etc implies something, it makes other actions or conditions necessary: Democracy implies a respect for individual liberties.

To me, here "imply" is a sysnonym for "require", and I will insist on it until a native speaker tells me that it is not.
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Hi,

Democracy implies a respect for individual liberties.

To me, here "imply" is a synonym for "require", and I will insist on it until a native speaker tells me that it is not.

Sorry, but it's not. Consider a simpler example.

His expensive clothes imply that he is rich. This means they suggest that he is rich, they don't require it.

Your quote about democracy means 'The existence of democracy in a country suggests that the country has a respect for individual liberties'.

Best wishes, Clive
thank you, Clive. I won't insist any more.
Hi,

The photograph in your post implies to me that Turkish men must all be great basketball players.

Clive
Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?
I found that pic from the internet. I don't think he is Turkish judging by the way he dressed. I don't know where he is from. He is the tallest man in his country or so I read.
Hello all

I have doubts about "discipline". The sense seems to require "self-discipline":

1. Marathon-training schedules range from four to six months and they all require considerable self-discipline.

2. Marathon-training schedules range from four to six months and they all imply considerable self-discipline.

MrP
MrP, do you think "imply" is as correct as "require" in the sentence. Or would you choose "require"?
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Hello Diamondrg

In your original sentence, "require" is comprehensible; though "discipline" seems the wrong word.

"Imply" on the other hand brings out the unsatisfactoriness of "discipline", as it more obviously leaves the reader wondering who will impose discipline on whom.

(I say that "discipline seems the wrong word" because marathon-running is surely a voluntary exercise. Therefore the only genuine discipline that can be imposed on a trainee is self-discipline.)

MrP
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