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Hi everyone, please help me with my problem with “S”. I dunno when I should add “s” to a word.

1. He plays football. He plays football as a hobby – Am I correct with the s

2. I review qualification(s) of applicant(s) and handle application(s)

Should I add “s” for qualification, I really have no idea about it obviously there is more than 1 single qualification for an applicant

Should I add “s” for applicant, there is more than 1 single applicant

Should I add “s” for applications, there are lots different type of applications and more than 1 single application.

3. Countable / uncountable

Water, coal… “s” will never be added with these kinds of word becoz they are uncountable (am I correct here with the s “these kinds of word”)

Application, applicant, qualification “s” may be added if

There is more than 1 application

Or there is more than a single kind of application e.g. application A, B, C, D for you to choose from.

Please help me with my “S” problem
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1. He plays football. He plays football as a hobby – Am I correct with the s-- Yes.

2. I review qualifications of applicants and handle applications.

Should I add “s” for qualification, I really have no idea about it obviously there is more than 1 single qualification for an applicant-- There is always more than one qualification. Add -s.

Should I add “s” for applicant, there is more than 1 single applicant- Yes

Should I add “s” for applications, there are lots different type of applications and more than 1 single application.-- Yes

3. Countable / uncountable

Water, coal… “s” will never be added with these kinds of words when they are uncountable-- You will add -s when they are treated as countable and plural (which occasionally happens to virtually all uncountable nouns).

Application, applicant, qualification “s” may be added if There is more than 1 application Or there is more than a single kind of application e.g. application A, B, C, D for you to choose from.- Yes
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this is a paragraph from a hong kong newspaper, please offer me some help.

The police has applied to the courts (why s is added here) for a protective order and referred the teenagers to the Social Welfare Department for follow-up action (why no s is added here, there are many teenagers to follow up and action is countable), Kowloon West crime headquarters chief superintendent Brian Lowcock said.
There are more than one "type" of courts in most judicial systems.

Civil courts and Criminal courts.

Furthermore, when you hear "appeal" that means the case is being appealed to a "higher" court. (different names and systems for most countries)

For example: The US have state and federal systems. Level wise it has first circuit, second circuit... to Supreme court. So when you are talking about courts, one adds a "s" to it in most cases.

Action in this case can have both s and no s depending on the subtle differences in meaning (if there is any!)

In your case, follow-up action doesn't have "the" in front. It does not refer to individual cases of teenagers, instead, it is talking about the general action that the Social Welfare Department should do.
thank you
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