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That scar on his face is caused by the accident he had last summer.
That scar on his face was caused by the accident he had last summer.

I was wondering if which linking verb is correct for the sentence above especially when spoken in conversations.
1. Is it 'is' for the reason that the scar is still present on the person's face?
2. Or is it 'is', because at the time of speaking, the scar is a remain of the wound he had?
3. Or is it 'was', because of the phrase 'last summer' when he had an accident that caused the wound?
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To my point of view,I think I should've said " That scar on his face is caused by the accident he had last summer."not only because it's according to the time of speaking but also the scar is present so we can't use "was" if it's here.
No, not right, ELH, sorry. The causing happened in the past. 'Was' is the only correct choice here: reason #3.
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So,it's like we say that the accident caused the scar,am I right ?,sorry I got confused.
That's right: look to the verb. It is just the passive form of this:

The accident he had last summer caused that scar on his face.
Many thanks,actually I've never had problem regarding the use of passive,but everything has a beginning.Emotion: smile
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Thank you, MM and ELH, for your answers. I've learned a lot from your exchanges.

Just a follow-up question, if I change the verb 'caused by' to a noun 'trace', is 'is' acceptable even if there is the phrase 'last summer'?
If 'is' and 'was' are both acceptable, how are they different?

That scar is a trace of the accident he had last summer.
That scar was a trace of the accident he had last summer.

Another example:

This boy on the picture is my uncle when he was 12.
This boy on the picture was my uncle when he was 12.

Can I use 'is' because I'm pointing at him at the time of speaking?
Can I use 'is' because the boy on the picture is my uncle and will always be my uncle?
Or it should be 'was' because of the phrase 'when he was 12'?
Yes for "is" in both of those, though "trace" isn't exactly what I"d use.

The scar is a reminder of...
The scar is evidence of...
I'm sure there are a few others as well.

Definitely I would use "is" for the photo: That's my dad when he as in the Navy, that's us at last year's Halloween party, etc.
Thank you, Grammar Geek, for your clarification.

If I'm pointing at someone or something at the time of speaking should I always use 'is'?

That scar is so long.
That scar is evidence of...

But I wonder why I cannot say 'That scar is caused by an accident he had last summer'.

With the 'photo' example, we can use 'is' to point at 'uncle', 'dad', 'us', but why not for above (is caused)?
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