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Even in cases where museums have a more central political role in public life, either in terms of creating ideas and images of ‘the nation’ or ‘the community’ or ‘the people’ (as shown in Knell et al. 2011, for example) that are then used for political purposes, such as the creation of the ‘imagined community’ of nationality and nationalism (Anderson 2006 [1983]), or as elements for the direct exercise of forms of cultural diplomacy (Nisbett 2013) and general international relations (Sylvester 2009), these uses of them are largely secondary and instrumental in comparison with more traditional forms of political activity within nation-states.


1. These uses of them -> stands for things that are used for political purposes???

2. Secondary and instrumental -> secondary here means that subject to? What is ‘largely secondary’ here?

3. So they are more instrumental than traditional forms of political activity? Traditional forms means more typical ones?!

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car train 3291. These uses of them -> stands for things that are used for political purposes??? purposes?

These uses of them refers to everything already stated in the sentence, namely, this description of the uses of museums in political life:

cases where museums have a more central political role in public life, either in terms of creating ideas and images of ‘the nation’ or ‘the community’ or ‘the people’ (as shown in Knell et al. 2011, for example) that are then used for political purposes, such as the creation of the ‘imagined community’ of nationality and nationalism (Anderson 2006 [1983]), or as elements for the direct exercise of forms of cultural diplomacy (Nisbett 2013) and general international relations (Sylvester 2009)

car train 3292. Secondary and instrumental -> secondary here means that subject to? What is ‘largely secondary’ here?

largely ~ mostly
secondary ~ not primary; not first in importance; less important than other things

car train 3293. So they are more instrumental than traditional forms of political activity? Traditional forms means more typical ones?

Yes. Museums may display images of 'the nation' or 'the people', thus they are instrumental in promoting such things as patriotism, but museums do not participate directly in traditional forms of politics, like running for office, choosing candidates, having a vote, participating in activist activities like street demonstrations, and so on.

CJ