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1)Why come people don't/get what they deserve and why others/ get what they don't deserve is /a matter decided by luck.

My book says to remove " a matter" for the above sentence .Could anyone please enlighten me?

2)Even after worked in the office /for as many as fifteen years /he still does not even understand /the basic objectives of the work.

My books says to add "having" after "after" .I searched it and found some information written below :-

(the word 'after' negates that continuous aspect, for me. If you use 'after' then the action must be completed, not still continuing,)

My question is:- Can i use "Having worked" in place of Even after having worked. ? i.e Having worked in the office for as many as fifteen years he still does not even understand the basic objectives of the work

3)Neither the earthquake nor the subsequent fire was able to dampen the spirit of the residents.

My books says to replace "was able to" with "could"

Acc to me "We use" could" to talk about an ability somebody had in the past. We use "was/were able to" to talk about a specific event in the past. "

Thanks
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2) Even after worked in the office /for as many as fifteen years /he still does not even understand /the basic objectives of the work.
My books says to add "having" after "after" .I searched it and found some information written below :-

(the word 'after' negates that continuous aspect, for me. If you use 'after' then the action must be completed, not still continuing,) What you have here is the perfect form of the present participle It denotes continuous work during those 15 years, "After" means prior to the present time.

My question is:- Can i use "Having worked" in place of Even after having worked. ? Yes
i.e Having worked in the office for as many as fifteen years he still does not even understand the basic objectives of the work

For #1 and #3, try to make a sentence and then we can comment on your efforts.
Comments  
Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.
Thanks for your response.

1)Why come people don't/get what they deserve and why others/ get what they don't deserve is /a matter decided by luck.

My book says to remove " a matter" for the above sentence .Could anyone please enlighten me?

3)Neither the earthquake/ nor the subsequent fire/ was able to dampen the spirit of the residents.

My books says to replace "was able to" with "could"

Acc to me We use "could" to talk about an ability somebody had in the past. We use "was/were able to" to talk about a specific event in the past.

The above highlighted in Bold are the sentences.
In #3 ,I am not able to understand why can't we let "was able to" remain as it is in a sentence?
In #1 I am not able to understand why "a matter" should be removed?

Thanks for
NakoolThe above highlighted in Bold are the sentences.
I know, but we ask the poster to make the changes that the teacher or grammar book requests first. After you try to get the answer, then we will help you.

1)Why come people don't/get what they deserve and why others/ get what they don't deserve is /a matter decided by luck.

The sentence is not good English. You can say "How come" but not "Why come". "How come" is very informal as the beginning of a question.

Why some people get what they deserve and others don't is decided by luck.

3) Neither the earthquake nor the subsequent fire could dampen the spirit of the residents.
Hi,

#3. Neither the earthquake nor the subsequent fire could dampen the spirit of the residents.

Can you please elaborate why we have used "could" there instead of " was able to".

We use could to talk about an ability somebody had in the past. We use was/were able to to talk about a specific event in the past.

Examples

I could ride a bike when I was six.
Last Saturday evening was cool, I felt good and I was able to cycle 10 miles.

He could speak French quite well.
He was able to speak French to the policeman to explain what had happened.

They could write computer programmes.
They were able to write a computer programme which solved his problem.

We can also use managed to in place of was/were able to.

Examples:

He was able to help her.
He managed to help her.

I was able to tidy up just before they arrived.
I managed to tidy up just before they arrived.

So,for the sentence "Neither the earthquake nor the subsequent fire could dampen the spirit of the residents." ,they are talking about a certain occasion in the past.Why can't we use 'was able to '?
Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?
So,for the sentence "Neither the earthquake nor the subsequent fire could dampen the spirit of the residents." ,they are talking about a certain occasion in the past.Why can't we use 'was able to '?

You can use "was able to." But "could" is shorter and equally correct.
There are many different possible ways to phrase this idea.

The earthquake and the fire were incapable of dampening the spirits of the residents.
The earthquake and the fire did not succeed in dampening the spirits of the residents.
The spirits of the residents.were not dampened by either the earthquake or the fire.

and so on.