Hi ,

Thanks to this english forum for allowing me to post my question.

Question :Which is correct "has" OR "have" ?

1) she did not have OR she did not has

2) he doesn't have OR he doesn't has

should i apply "has" OR "have" at the end of those sentences

Gary Lee

Third person singular (he, she, it, who, which,...) works as follows.

Present affirmative. Present negative. Past affirmative. Past negative. 
She has a coat. She does not have a coat. She had a coat. She did not have a coat.

In the present tense, one and only one verb has the present marker s.
In the past tense, one and only one verb has the past marker d.

If there is an auxiliary verb (e.g., do), it takes the tense marker, and the main verb is in the "bare infinitive" form (have in this example).

If there is no auxiliary verb, the main verb takes the tense marker.

Hope that helped.

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Hi Garry,

Welcome to English Forums!

1) 'she did not have' ('has' is 3rd person PRESENT tense only)

2) 'he doesn't have' (only the auxiliary 'do' takes the 3rd person '-s'. Another way to remember is: only one 's' in the verb phrase.

(These are not sentences yet-- they both need objects, like 'he doesn't have a job.')
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Hi Teacher,

WOW thankyou thankyou so much for yr reply. I'm so glad that i've received yr help,
but i've another question to ask.

('has' is 3rd person PRESENT tense only) <= what does this mean? can you pls explain a little bit more and show me few examples for me to get the right unerstanding.

Gary Lee
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Actually, 'has' is 3rd person SINGULAR PRESENT tense only.


1st person singular = I
2nd person singular = you (one entity)
3rd person singular = he, she, it, John, etc. (one entity)

1st person plural = we
2nd person plural = you (more than one entity)
3rd person plural = they (more than one entity)


Present: I have, you have, he/she/it has, we have, you have, they have
Past: I had, you had, he had, we had, you had, they have.

Is that enough for you, Gary?
Hi Mister Micawber,

Thx for yr reply . I understood what 3rd person singaular is, but i hv another question.

Is the sentence below considered as 3rd person singular

"She did not have"

Yes, you're right, that's 3rd person singular, simple past tense.
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Anytime you are talking about just one person or thing (as the subject of the sentence), it's a case of "third person singular" (3ps).

John is tall. (3ps)
Mary had a lot of friends. (3ps)
Which one of you can tell us all the answers? (3ps)
The country had a very extensive border. (3ps)
The moon rose at 6:30 pm. (3ps)
Hatred is not a virtue. (3ps)

"I" and "you" are singular subjects, but not "third person", so in effect any singular subject except "I" or "you" is "third person".

California Jim
Dear Tutor,

What a nice example you've given me. Thx for all the sincere help that I've received. I got the right understanding now n I'll be looking forward for new post.

Thank You,
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