Is the "up" in shut up an adverb or a PP?
1 2
How could it be a preposition? It has no object.
Hmm, I would completely take it as a verb itself.
Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.
No, the particle has an independent existence, Doll. 'Shut' is verb, 'shut up' is phrasal verb (i.e. verb + adverb).
Hmm, I remembered a lesson when I was writing it and we categorized phrasal verbs as "verbs" in a sentence initially and then made the discriminations later for example phrasal verb. I was thinking of it when I wrote but I was not clear. ( At least I should have explained more) I am sorry if I confused anyone. Emotion: smile
I believe that Doll and Mr. M agree that the expression is what I call a two-word verb [others call it a phrasal verb or other things.] Terminology is not important.
Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?
So, if an adverb, the "up" in "shut the hell up" is emphasising the way the hell should be shut, is it?
Ha, ha! No. 'Shut up' is the verb; 'the hell' is an intensifier. 'The hell' is emphasing how the 'shut up' should be.
It's a particle which is part of the verb.



V particle , a preposition requires a Np after PP



If you say "shut up your mouth , it will be ungrammatical to say:

* Up your mouth shut. On the other hand if you say I walked up the stairs , yoy can say :

Up the stairs , I walked.

This will indicate the difference betweenparticles and prepositions.

Best of luck
Site Hint: Check out our list of pronunciation videos.
Show more