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Cow tipping is a pastime supposedly practiced in rural areas. It is often considered an urban legend [1] as well an act of animal abuse .[2] The act is theoretically performed by participants who sneak up on an upright, sleeping cow and push it over for amusement. There are factors which make success in this unlikely, and a variety of calculations have been applied to determine if cow tipping is physically possible, sometimes with humorous intention.[3] [4]

In 2004, a Florida legislator proposed a ban on "cruelty to bovines", which while not specific to cow tipping, included language that would apply to cow tipping: "A person who, for the purpose of practice, entertainment, or sport, intentionally fells, trips, or otherwise causes a cow to fall or lose its balance by means of roping, lassoing, dragging, or otherwise touching the tail of the cow commits a misdemeanor of the first degree."[2]

I understood the `sneak up on an upright' as (advanced stealthily with an erect position). But I wonder to whom this phrase refer to, i.e. the cow or the participants.

Also, I wonder how we can push the sleeping cow over?

Please help me.
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Hi Gary

The words 'upright' and 'sleeping' both describe the cow. In other words, the cow is sleeping while standing up.

Imagine if you fell asleep while standing up. Don't you think it would be pretty easy to knock you over? Emotion: smile
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Also, I wonder how we can push the sleeping cow over? As indicated, with considerable difficulty. Cows do not sleep standing up, whereas horses do.

Does the `participants' refer to `human beings'? If yes, then why does `who' follows immediately the `participants'? Yes, it refers to humans. What happens if you leave out "who"? Does the sentence still make logical sense?
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YankeeHi Gary

The words 'upright' and 'sleeping' both describe the cow. In other words, the cow is sleeping while standing up.

Imagine if you fell asleep while standing up. Don't you think it would be pretty easy to knock you over? Emotion: smile

Thank you Yankee. I almost got it.

Does the `participants' refer to `human beings'?, if yes, then why `who' follows immediately the `participants'?

Please thelp me.
 Feebs11's reply was promoted to an answer.
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Feebs11Also, I wonder how we can push the sleeping cow over? As indicated, with considerable difficulty. Cows do not sleep standing up, whereas horses do.

Does the `participants' refer to `human beings'? If yes, then why does `who' follows immediately the `participants'? Yes, it refers to humans. What happens if you leave out "who"? Does the sentence still make logical sense?

Thank you Feebs11.

I have now got it.