My report in Chapter 4 is all about “How the Spaniard’s invade and colonize the ”

The Spain’s invasion and colonization in the Philippines was started when King Philip II decided to colonize the to enhance their imperial glory and spread Christianity among the natives. King Philip II ordered the Spanish colony of Mexico to prepare an expedition to the to be leaded by Miguel Lopez De Legazpi and Father Andres De Urdaneta as their spiritual chief.

In a meeting between Legazpi and the officers of his expedition, they decided that was where they would establish a Spanish settlement. Legazpi arrived in Cebu in February 1565, but because of the hostility of the natives he decided to go to the nearby island (Samar, Leyte, Limasawa, Camiguin, Minadanao, ) and search for food. When his efforts to make a peaceful landing failed in , Legazpi attacked the Cebuanos, He did not punish the natives, he urged them to live peacefully with the Spaniards, Legazpi’s efforts succeeded. The Cebuano’s Leader and himself signed a peace agreement which the Cebuanos agreed to pay tribute to the king of as their sovereign.

Later on, Legazpi decided to move to Panay because they were harassed by the Portuguese and unable to obtain sufficient food in .

After establishing himself in Panay, Legazpi dispatched Father Urdaneta to look for a way back to . Father Urdaneta Successfully found a return route to Mexico (Sailing Northeastward, he crossed the Pacific ocean and reached the coast of California and sailed southward down the coast of California to Mexico, reaching the port Navidad on October 1, 1565) . This discovery of the return route would enable to send additional help. A year later, Legazpi received his first reinforcements.

While in Cebu and Panay, Legazpi learned of the life of a wealthy in named Maynila. The glowing information of traders on that kingdom attracted the interest of Legazpi. So Legazpi sent a Spaniard troops commanded by Martin De Goiti with his grandson Juan de Salcedo to colonize .

When they arrived off, they were welcomed by the leader of , Rajah Soliman and Rajah Matanda, but Soliman was suspicious of the motives of Spaniards. He did not like the idea of that they would require him to acknowledge sovereignty of and to pay tribute to the Spanish king. This lack of trust led to an armed clashed between the Spaniards and the natives. Goiti’s warriors were not strong enough to hold , So Goiti decided to retreat and report back to Legazpi. Goiti suggested Legazpi to do the conquest of .

In May 1571, the Second Spanish expedition commanded by Legazpi has arrived off in . The Colonization of Manila was successfully and peacefully performed due to the large battalion brought by Legazpi. Later on, Legazpi moved his headquarters to and on June 24, 1571, he made it the capital of the Philippines; King Philip II gave a new name – Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad which means Distinguished and .

From , Legazpi sent a Military expedition to different parts of to explore and bring these areas under the Spanish rule. Legazpi also sent his grandson Salcedo in Southern Luzon and subsequently to . While Juan De Salcedo was busy conquering Northern Luzon, Legazpi died in in August 20, 1572. Salcedo successfully settled a base in many regions and played an outstanding role in the colonization of the . Salcedo died on March 11, 1578 at the age of 27, before he died, he helped saved from the invasion of the Chinese pirate Limahong in 1574. History honors Legazpi and Salcedo as a great Colonizer.

Nature of Spanish Colonization.

In colonizing of the Philippines, the Spaniards were not brutal and cruel to the natives unlike the Spaniards conquistadores who conquered , Credit for this goes to Legazpi who, in obedience to the instructions to him by the king.

It took Spain only a little over decade to establish their rule in the Philippines because the natives, although they greatly outnumbered the Spaniards, were no match for the fighting skills of the latter whose guns and cannons proved superior to the natives’ bolos, lances and arrows. But not all the natives accepted the Spanish rule, some of the natives fight back. The Igorots and many other mountain tribes proved to be a thorn on the side of the Spanish authorities.
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Hi,

I've made a lot of changes, so please read carefully.

You might like to consider whether this colonization was a good thing or a bad thing for the native people of the Philippines.

Best wishes, Clive

My report on Chapter 4 is about “How the Spaniards invaded and colonized the Philippines”

Spain’s invasion and colonization ofn the Philippines was started when King Philip II decided to colonize the Philippines to enhanceSpain's imperial glory and spread Christianity among the natives. He ordered the Spanish colony of Mexico to prepare an expedition to the Philippines, to be led by Miguel Lopez De Legazpi and Father Andres De Urdaneta as their spiritual chief.

In a meeting between Legazpi and the officers of his expedition, they decided that Cebu was where they would establish a Spanish settlement. Legazpi arrived in Cebu in February 1565, but because of the hostility of the natives he decided to go to the nearby islands (Samar, Leyte, Limasawa, Camiguin, Minadanao, Bohol) to search for food. When his efforts to make a peaceful landing failed in Cebu, Legazpi attacked the Cebuanos, He did not punish the natives but urged them to live peacefully with the Spaniards. His efforts succeeded. He and the Cebuanos’ leader signed a peace agreement by which the Cebuanos agreed to pay tribute to the King of Spain as their sovereign.

Later on, Legazpi decided to move to Panay because the Spanish were being harassed by the Portuguese and were unable to obtain sufficient food in Cebu.

After establishing himself in Panay, Legazpi dispatched Father Urdaneta to look for a way back to Mexico. Father Urdaneta successfully found a return route to Mexico Sailing northeastward, he crossed the Pacific ocean, reached the coast of California and sailed southward down the coast to Mexico, reaching the port of Navidad on October 1, 1565 . This discovery of the return route enabled Spain to send additional help. A year later, Legazpi received his first reinforcements.

While in Cebu and Panay, Legazpi learned of a wealthy Muslim kingdom (Was it a kingdom? A kingdom has a King. Maybe just say 'a country'?) in Luzon named Maynila. The glowing information from traders about this kingdom attracted the interest of Legazpi, so he sent Spanish troops commanded by Martin De Goiti, with his grandson Juan de Salcedo, to colonize Manila.

When they arrived, they were welcomed by the leaders of Manila, Rajah Soliman and Rajah Matanda, but Soliman was suspicious of the motives of the Spaniards. He did not like the idea that they would require him to acknowledge the sovereignty of Spain and to pay tribute to the Spanish king. This lack of trust led to an armed clash between the Spaniards and the natives. Goiti’s soldiers were not strong enough to hold Manila, so he decided to retreat and report back to Legazpi. Goiti suggested that Legazpi himself should lead the conquest of Manila.

In May 1571, the second Spanish expedition commanded by Legazpi arrived off Manila. Its colonization was successfully and peacefully achieved due to the large army brought by Legazpi. Late, Legazpi moved his headquarters to Manila and, on June 24, 1571, he made it the capital of the Philippines. King Philip II gave Manila a new name – 'Insigne y Siempre Leal Ciudad' which means 'Distinguished and Ever Loyal City'.

From Manila, Legazpi sent a military expedition to different parts of Luzon to explore and bring these areas under the Spanish rule. Legazpi also sent his grandson Salcedo to Southern Luzon and subsequently to Northern Luzon. While Juan De Salcedo was busy conquering Northern Luzon, Legazpi died in Manila on August 20, 1572. He had successfully settled bases in many regions and had played an outstanding role in the colonization of the Philippines. Salcedo died on March 11, 1578, at the age of 27. Before he died, he helped saved Manila from the invasion of the Chinese pirate Limahong in 1574. History honors Legazpi and Salcedo as great colonizers. Well, Spanish and European historians probably do, but what do Philippino historians say about it?



Nature of Spanish Colonization.

In the colonization of the Philippines, the Spaniards were not brutal and cruel to the natives, unlike the Spanish conquistadores who conquered Mexico. Credit for this goes to Legazpi, who acted in obedience to his instructions from the King.



It took Spain only a little over decade to establish their rule in the Philippines because the natives, although they greatly outnumbered the Spaniards, were no match for the fighting skills of the latter whose guns and cannons proved superior to the natives’ bolos, lances and arrows. But not all the natives accepted the Spanish rule, some of the natives fight back. The Igorots and many other mountain tribes proved to be a thorn on the side of the Spanish authorities.
quetion to experts: What triggered Spain to start colonizing countires?
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Hi,

That's a complex question. Here are a few non-complex comments to consider.

The text says that the Spanish 'decided to colonize the Philippines to enhance their imperial glory'. If you want to put this crudely, you might say 'to rule the world'.

The text also says '. . and spread Christianity among the natives'. I consider this a very, very important motivation.

There were also economic reasons, eg to find gold, to gain trading opportunities.

Another important factor was competition with other European countries that were ready and eager to do the same thing.

Best wishes, Clive
hi!!!! im just a small girl want to ask questions aboutthe conquest of manilaEmotion: smile

and also the effects of the galleon trade and the royal company of the philipines,the tobacco monopoly,trade and commerce

and Jose Basco's economic reforms

regards jonah

thanks!!!!
Hello,

These seem like difficult topics for a small girl.

This is an English language Forum, not a history forum, but ask your specific questions and we will have a look at them.

Best wishes, Clive Emotion: smile
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hi,

i was wondering if you could tell me about how the spaniards ruled the philippines because i read something about the citizens wanting equality and political rights.

thanks!
Hi,

i was wondering if you could tell me about how the spaniards ruled the philippines because i read something about the citizens wanting equality and political rights.

Generally and simply speaking, Spain ruled all her colonies in an autocratic way, with all the important decisions made back in Spain. In all these colonies, the people eventually wanted equality and political rights, and this usually led to a revolution in which they kicked Spain out and gained independence.

Best wishes, Clive
in your opinion,what kind of leader was miguel ligazpi?cite examples to support your characterization of his leadership.
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