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 Hi Teachers
I want to know whether the blue-highlighted ones are adjective (participle), Can a participle (adj) be used right after a verb ? (commonly I see it's just with noun e.g the lad standing there is my cousin)

Don't you judge based on my qualification (adjective-participle?)
No time for guessing, stay focused on the work   (adjective--participle ?)
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to judge based on ...
based is a participle, but it's adverbial (of manner). (It answers the question How?)
to stay focused on ...
focused is an adjectival participle -- the usual kind. Such participles are very frequently used after linking verbs like stay.
CJ
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Hi Anewcomer,

Let me just add a few words on C.J.'s comments. We often used this structures in our daily conversation. This type of participle is passive in nature and you may think of it as past participle Adjectives. i.e.
I should be able get this done by 5 pm this evening, given no further complications from this point forward. (adverbial phrase structure)
I completely disapprove of the design as shown in the prototype. (same as above)
Declaird unsave to occupied by the authority, the burned buliding was barricaded. (It could be written as: The burned buliding was barricaded after being declaired unsave to occupied by the authority.
All these examples are passive participles used as adjectives .

Goodman

Declaird unsave to occupied by the authority, the burned buliding was barricaded. (It could be written as: The burned buliding was barricaded after being declaired unsave to occupied by the authority.

Sorry, but what? Declaired unsave to occupied?

Declared [to be] unsafe by the authorities, ...?

Is the "to be occupied" part even necessary?

But in the meantime, can you explain "passive participles"? I'm not familiar with this term. Thanks!