1.

A: Do you like the English teacher?

B: Yes, I do. He's French, but he teaches English so well.

2.

A: Do you like the English teacher?

B: Yes, I do. He's a typical Englishman. But interestingly, he teaches Spanish, not English.

My book says the stress of the underline in #1 is 'English' and in #2 is 'teacher'. This is a little confusing to me.

What makes me more confusing is..

a. Johnny has very short hands.

b. This company has lots of shorthand machines.

c. Max, my puppy, will be trained as a hunting dog.

d. Daddy, look at the hunting lions chasing a zebra.

Where is the stress in a~d?
1.

A: Do you like the English teacher?

B: Yes, I do. He's French, but he teaches English so well.

2.

A: Do you like the English teacher?

B: Yes, I do. He's a typical Englishman. But interestingly, he teaches Spanish, not English.

My book says the stress of the underline in #1 is 'English' and in #2 is 'teacher'. This is a little confusing to me. -- In the first sentence, the question speaks to the subject matter taught; in the second, the question speaks to the nationality of the teacher. The stresses would be as indicated.

What makes me more confused is..

a. Johnny has very short hands. -- The stress would vary with the context: are they comparing hands or comparing limbs?

b. This company has lots of shorthand machines. -- 'SHORThand.

c. Max, my puppy, will be trained as a hunting dog. -- 'HUNTing dog.

d. Daddy, look at the hunting lions chasing a zebra. --The stress would vary with the context: are they comparing lions or comparing carnivores?
Hello moon7296,

1. Here, "English" refers to the actual course matter the teacher teaches. You know this through the answer. It say's, "he is French but teaches English".

2. In this Q&A, "English" refers to the nationality of the teacher. Again, you know this through the answer. It say's "He is a typical Englishman".

Mister Micawber has correctly answered your questions about stress in the following sentences. Just in case you were seeking the meaning of the terms used, here are my responses:

a. This means that John's hands are shorter than the average length of a man's (or boy's) hands at his age.

b. This means that the company has a sizeable inventory of machines that record shorthand. "Shorthand" is a method of rapid writing by means of abbreviations and symbols, used especially for taking dictation or testimony in court. Shorthand can be recorded by hand or by using a machine.

c. Throughout its growth, the puppy will be trained to hunt prey. (look up prey in your dictionary).

d. To eat, lions need to hunt zebras and kill them. Since the zebras are unlikely to walk up to the lion and offer themselves for dinner, the lions need to hunt and chase them.

Hope this helps.

John