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I have a small query on Subject and Predicate, here is a sentence from Wren & Martin:

" He has a chain which is made of gold"

I found that the Subject is "Which"

and the Predicate is "is made of gold"

Now there are 2 questions :

1. What about "He" in the sentence because my understanding was whenever you want to find the Subject and Predicate in a sentence You should try to get the answer to the questions :WHO or WHAT i.e. in the above sentence the question can be:
Who has a chain made of gold?
Answer is HE which is the subject and the remaining becomes the Predicate

2. W&M has tried to explain Clauses here in the above sentence and a clause consists of a Subject and a Predicate, So here is
--- He has a chain -- Is this the Main clause??
---- Which is made of gold- -- Is this the Subordinate clause??
If Yes still how come Which is a Subject...really confused.
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'He' is the subject of the main clause, 'which' that of the subordinate clause. All finite forms of verbs have a subject.
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He has a chain [which is made of gold].

The sentence has two clauses: a main clause (underlined) and a subordinate clause (bracketed) embedded within it, each having its own subject and predicate. In the main clause, he is subject and has a chain which is made of gold is predicate. In the subordinate clause, which is subject and is made of gold is predicate.
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Comments  
English sentences have a main clause, and, optionally other main and dependent clauses.
Each clause has a subject and verb.

When he was a young man, he had a chain which was made of gold and when he got married, he sold the chain and bought a wedding a ring for his bride.

This sentence is a complex sentence. It has two independent clauses and three dependent clauses (grey).
Each clause has a subject and verb.

Here is a good reference on clauses and sentences:
http://eslbee.com/sentences.htm
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http://eslbee.com/sentences.htm


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