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Which tense or tenses do you normally use to report someone else's words?

Would you please give me some examples?

Thank you.

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teal lime

Which tense or tenses do you normally use to report someone else's words?

Would you please give me some examples?

Thank you.

This is called "reported speech". Almost any tense can be used but there is a relationship between the tense in the main clause and the tense in the dependent clause (the speech.) It is rather complicated, and you can study the rules.

She says, "Mary will come on Thursday."
She says that Mary will come on Thursday.


She said, "Mary will come on Thursday."
She said that Mary would come on Thursday.



The teacher said, "The earth is a planet. It goes around the sun."
The teacher said that the earth is a planet and it goes around the sun.

Here is a good resource:

https://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-reported-speech.php

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To report what someone said, you start with '... said'.
To report what someone asked, you start with '... asked'.
And so on.

Then, in what follows, you change all present point-of-view tenses to the corresponding past point-of-view tenses.

This is a very large topic, so it cannot be covered in a forum post.

You can find what you want among the articles listed in the Google search I link to below. These should also be in whatever grammar book you're using.

https://www.google.com/search?source=hp&ei=-HZxXvq2FY-ksAXtmbSYCw&q=reported+speech+rules&oq=reported+speech+rules&gs_l=psy-ab.3..0l10.4504.8783..9125...0.0..0.104.2017.17j4......0....1..gws-wiz.......0i131j0i10j0i70i249j0i3.f_SqqaxyADI&ved=0ahUKEwj6ktys7aLoAhUPEqwKHe0MDbMQ4dUDCAc&uact=5

CJ

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It's better if you show us a little of what you can do. Then we can see more clearly how to help you.

Clive

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Would you please explain when in reported speech there is no need for backshift?

Thank you.

teal limeWould you please explain when in reported speech there is no need for backshift?

I gave an example:

No backshift:

The teacher said, "The earth is a planet that orbits the sun."
The teacher said that the earth is a planet that orbits the sun.

backshift

The teacher said, "You didn't turn in your homework on time."
The teacher said that we hadn't turned in our homework on time.


You didn't read the link I posted, did you?

https://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-lesson-reported-speech.php

It has extensive examples of tense changes (back-shifting) in reported speech. If you have questions about their examples, please post something specific.

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