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The monastery was built in the shadow of a massive rock,hundreds of feet high,that tour books often referred to as "the Gibraltar of Greece".

In this sentence, does the relative pronoun 'that' modify 'rock' ?
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Hi,

Well, I'd say it 'relates' to rock.

Clive
RishonlyThe monastery was built in the shadow of a massive rock,hundreds of feet high,that tour books often referred to as "the Gibraltar of Greece".

when there is a questionary made for learning the function of "that".

Here, "that " doesn't refer to the subject of the main clause "the monastery", also it is an eliptical clause for "that" refers to all the clause given before; that is, from the combined meaning one can understand here"the Gibraltar of Greece" is a massive rock,hundreds of feet high only with the monastery built in the shadow of it. Therefore, "that" refers to the full clause.
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Thanks for your feedback, Umut HIZAR.
I also asked the usage of "that" before. And so here, can I put a semi-comma instead of a comma?

The monastery was built in the shadow of a massive rock,hundreds of feet high; that tour books often referred to as "the Gibraltar of Greece".
No, you can't have a semi colon before a relative pronoun. It too strong a separation from its antecedant.

Where did you find the sentence?
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Dear friends,

It is my opinion that «that» refers to «rock». We may omit «hundreds of feet high». Emotion: smile

Kind regards, Emotion: smile

Goldmund
Shall we call it as an elliptical clause?
Hi,

Let's just call it a relative clause. You can simplify the sentence in this way:

The monastery was built in the shadow of a massive rock. The rock is hundreds of feet high. It is a rock that tour books often referred to as "the Gibraltar of Greece".

Gibraltar is not a monastery. It is not a shadow. It is a massive rock.

Best wishes, Clive
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