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Hi, Avangi and all….

This post is as a sequence to the post,

http://www.EnglishForward.com/English/WhichRefersTo/wvvlb/post.htm

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This finding sheds new light on the aging process that may allow science to eventually delay the inexorable process of aging.

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In this sentence “that “ seems to refer to “new light”, not to “aging process”. So in this case, can we say that the theory that relative pronoun refers to the closest noun does not apply?

then can we say that in English grammar, what the relative pronoun refers to, is decided by the context, and there is no set rule?
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You have it exactly right. I had intended to add some examples of this type to the other thread, but it slipped my mind.

Perhaps you also noticed that the clause is treated as "essential" (no commas), which is contrary to the observation I first made in the other thread.

I think CJ's wording was meant to allow for exceptions.

Edit. I just noticed that you and CJ share the same aniversary date, which also happens to be my birthday.
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Thanks, Avangi!!

What a coincidence!!

I am happy that we three share the same birthday....