The Causes of World War One



World War One left 9,906,000 soldiers dead, 21,219,000 soldiers wounded and 7,750,000 soldiers missing. It was a worldwide conflict between the Allied Powers of France, , , and the versus the Central Powers of Germany, Austria Hungary and the . The three causes of the war were the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, widespread militarism and economic imperialism.

The first cause of World War One was that on , Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb student, shot and killed Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne and her wife. Princip was part of the group called the Black Hand, who wanted to be independent from Austria Hungary. Austria Hungary wanted to comply with demands to punish those who were responsible for the assassination and when failed to comply, Austria Hungary declared war on . Since was an ally to the Allied Powers, the Allied Powers declared war on Austria Hungary which meant a declaration of war against the Central Powers. Ferdinand’s assassination acted as a chain reaction that led to both alliances declaring war on each other.

Widespread militarism was the second cause of World War One. Aristocrats, dictators and military elites had too much control over , and and the war was a consequence of their desire for military power. ’s Royal Navy was stronger than both and Austria Hungary’s Navy combined in terms of the amount of personnel, ships and carrying capacity. Since aristocrats in and knew that they were losing the arms race, they decided that the only way to ever catch up to ’s Royal Navy was to declare war.

The third cause of World War One is economic imperialism. and maintained their domestic economies through their control and trade with foreign colonies. and Austria Hungary barely had any foreign colonies and their domestic resources were rapidly exhausting. In order to maintain their domestic economy, they had to look for more resources and the only way they could achieve that goal was to expand their territory. could not find seek other colonies because there were few colonies left worth settling into. and had most of and like under their control. The competition for expanding markets to sustain their domestic economies was as a result the third cause of World War One.

Therefore, the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the desire to maintain power and a strong military, and the competition for foreign resources for economical sustainability were the three causes of World War One. David Stevenson, a British historian, said, “A self-reinforcing cycle of heightened military preparedness was an essential element in the conjuncture that led to disaster. The armaments race was a necessary precondition for the outbreak of hostilities." He could not have been closer to the truth.
You are missing a major cause -- the alliance system. You have to explain that before mentioning the assassination.
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The missing elements affect the organization of your essay, Funzone.

A couple more things:

Don't forget to elaborate on the armament race.

Not enough details on economic imperialism. How about the disputes over Africa?
Which part of the armanents race do you want to elaborate on?
And what about my previous questions?
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